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Articles by A.C. Uwaegbute
Total Records ( 2 ) for A.C. Uwaegbute
  J.U. Anyika , A.C. Uwaegbute , A.O. Olojede and J.U. Nwamarah
  A total of 160 adolescent girls aged 10 to 19 years were surveyed for nutrient intake. Three-days weighed food intake was the technique used for this study. Subjects were from model secondary schools and universities in Abia State, Nigeria. The values for food nutrients were calculated using food composition tables. Foods that were not in the food composition tables were analyzed chemically in the laboratory to know their nutrient contents. Values from the chemical analysis were used for the calculation of food nutrients. The mean intakes in all the nutrients tested for adolescent female university students were significantly higher (p<0.05) than those of adolescent female secondary school girls. Both adolescent female secondary school and university students, however, had nutrient intakes higher than FAO requirements except for iron intake where the secondary school girls did not meet the requirement for iron (36-42 g/day). Snacks contribution to the daily nutrient intakes of the adolescent female secondary school students were significantly higher (p<0.05) than those of the university students except for the carbohydrate intake (146.66 g vs 170.26 g) respectively. It is therefore necessary to evaluate the quality of meals and snacks served to both secondary school and university students to know their contribution to nutrient intake in order to alleviate the problem of malnutrition in adolescent female Nigerian students.
  J.U. Anyika , A.C. Uwaegbute , I.A. Onimawo and C.A. Echendu
  This cross-sectional survey evaluated the effect of contraceptives on menstrual cycle, menstrual flow and weight gain of adolescent female secondary and university students in Abia State, Nigeria. One thousand, six hundred (1600) adolescents aged 10 to 19 years were used for the study. Two secondary schools and two universities [(one secondary school/university from each Local Government Area (LGA)] were randomly selected. A structured self-administered questionnaire designed to collect information on health habits of adolescent girls was given to respondents in their schools. Information gathered from the questionnaires was coded and analyzed using the computer program Statistical Software package (SAS). Descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages were used. Results showed that majority (70.5% vs 58.75%) of adolescent university and secondary school girls, respectively described their menstrual cycle as regular (every month). A wide variety of contraceptives namely abstinence, safe period, intrauterine devices, vaginal jellies and creams and oral contraceptives were used by the students. Majority (60.97% vs 48.74%) of the subjects in the university and secondary school respectively reported that the contraceptives they used had no effect on their menstrual flow. Almost equal percentage of respondents (33.92% vs 33.49%) of the secondary school and university adolescents respectively reported that their menstrual cycle was regular every time. The study showed that abstinence and safe period were the most commonly used birth control methods by both secondary and university adolescent girls in Abia State, Nigeria.
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