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Articles by A.A. Tameem Eldar
Total Records ( 2 ) for A.A. Tameem Eldar
  K.M. Elamin , H.E. Hassan , H.O. Abdalla , O.H. Arabi and A.A. Tameem Eldar
  Sudan is a vast country that is well known of its large animal population. Roselle is one of the important oil crops usually grown in Sudan for plant oil manufacturing. This experiment was conducted to investigate and evaluate Roselle seed as a ruminants feed through the effects on carcass characteristics of Sudan desert sheep. Crushed Roselle Seeds (CRS) meal was used at three levels (0, 15 and 25%). Roselle seeds were incorporated in three isocaloric, isonitrogenous diets (A, B and C, respectively). Thirty-six male lambs of Sudan desert sheep, Hamari ecotype, were selected according to their age (4-5 months) and their average body weight (21.8 kg). The lambs were randomly assigned to three treatments (12 animals each), then animals in each treatment were subdivided into three groups each of four animals (replicates) the trial extended for two months. The study showed a significant difference (p>0.05) among the treatment groups for slaughter weight (highest 38.17, lowest 37.59), empty body weight (highest 23.90, lowest 22.75), dressing percentage on live body weight (highest 52.70, lowest 49.68), dressing percentage on empty body weight (highest 62.25, lowest 60.51), hot carcass weight (highest 20.66, lowest 18.27), cold carcass weight (highest 20.31, lowest 18.23), carcass wholesale cuts, meat quality attributes, carcass physical composition and carcass chemical composition. On other hand slaughter by-products showed no significant differences (p<0.05) among treatment groups except liver, mesenteric fat, rumen (empty), reticulum (empty) which showed significant difference (p>0.05) among the treatments groups. Feeding of 25% crushed Roselle seed meal seems to enhance carcass characteristics and gave satisfactory results.
  K.M. Elamin , A.A. Tameem Eldar , A.E. Amin , F.S. Abdalla and H.E. Hassan
  Goat (Capra hircus) as small ruminants is reared in Sudan for its milk, meat, skin and wool. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of different levels of energy/protein on apparent digestibility coefficients and nitrogen balance of different Sudan goat ecotypes (Nubian, Desert and Swiss Nubian). Nine male goat kids (2-3 months and average weight 9.23 kg) of either ecotypes were used in a 3x3x3 arrangement, fed three experimental diets A (control), B and C, with varying energy: protein 1:0.14, 0.16 and 0.18, respectively. Animals were housed in metabolism cages and diets were fed for a 3 day adjustment period followed by a 4 day collection period. Feed, feed refusal and feces were taken daily to measure digestibility. Urine was collected daily and measured in mL and preserved with sulfuric acid. Then urinary nitrogen was analyzed. The study showed a significant difference (p<0.05) between species only for Ether Extract (EE), Nubian kids recorded best digestibility of Digestible Dry Mater (DDM), Digestible Organic Mater (DOM), Digestible Crude Protein (DCP), Digestible Ether Extract (DEE) and Digestible Nitrogen Free extract (DNF) Effect of ration was significant (p<0.05) for DDM, DOM, DEE and DNFE. The highest values of apparent digestibility coefficient of Dry Mater (DM), Organic Matter (OM), Ether Extract (EE) and Nitrogen Free Extract (NFE) were observed in ration B and C. Nitrogen balance was not significantly varied for treatment. Animal species were in positive N balance for all three experimental diets. Nitrogen retention and nitrogen retention percentage was highest in ration B and C. The digestibility of nutrients of experimental diets indicated that the digestibility increased significantly (p<0.05) with increasing energy: protein in the test diets. Therefore, increasing energy protein levels gave better results, with overall higher nitrogen retention in Nubian goats than the other two ecotypes which were similar. It is likely that Nubian goats are well adapted to be raised under intensive condition due to their efficient utilization of nutrients.
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