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Articles by A.A. Gadzama
Total Records ( 2 ) for A.A. Gadzama
  A.C. Ene , A.A. Gadzama and E.A. Nwankwo
  The prevalence of HIV infection was assessed in about 160 people (healthy and sick) in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Three hospitals were used as the study sites. They are the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, chest disease Hospital and TB Hospital all in Maiduguri Nigeria. Medical questionnaires were filled by each of the subjects, before their blood samples were collected. The subjects were divided into four groups i.e., apparently healthy controls (group 1), condition apparently unrelated to HIV disease (group 2), conditions suggestive of early HIV disease (group 3) and conditions indicative of progressive HIV disease (group 4). Forty subjects were allocated to each of the four groups based on the reports from the medical questionnaires. The 160 blood samples (the four groups) were screened for HIV and their results recorded. The percentage HIV infection among the different age groups in the four groups were also recorded. From the results obtained 12.5% of the apparently healthy controls (group 1) were HIV positive, 22.5% of the condition apparently unrelated to HIV disease were positive, 30% of the condition suggestive of early HIV disease were positive and 60% of the condition indicative of progressive HIV disease were also positive. It can be concluded that prevalence of HIV among apparently healthy persons particularly the young, is now very high and some conditions not associated with HIV infection may indeed be the result of HIV infection.
  A.C. Ene , A.A. Gadzama and E.O. Idigbe
  The serum enzymes (i.e., Aspartate and Alanine amino transaminases and Alkaline phosphatase) levels in HIV-1 infected symptomatic/AIDS patients in Maiduguri, North- Eastern Nigeria was studied. The sample population used in this study comprised forty AIDS patients and forty healthy subjects as healthy controls. Five milliliter blood sample was collected by aseptic means after obtaining the consent of the patients and subjects. The two groups were screened for HIV. The 40 AIDS patients were confirmed HIV positive and the forty healthy controls were confirmed HIV negative. The serum enzyme levels in both the AIDS patients and the healthy subjects were assessed by serum assays of Aspartate and alanine amino transaminases and alkaline phosphatase. The results show that there is an elevation in serum enzyme levels in HIV/AIDS patients compared to the healthy subjects. This study is aimed at providing information which will help in managing HIV/AIDS patients.
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