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Articles by A. Toghdory
Total Records ( 3 ) for A. Toghdory
  A. Toghdory , T. Ghoorchi , A. Naserian , Y.J. Ahangari and S. Hassani
  Eight multiparous Holstein cows with an average milk production of 34.6±2.8 kg day-1 and body weight of 676±79 kg were used to evaluate the effect of rumen protected and unprotected choline on energy-related biochemical metabolites of lactating dairy cows. The experimental design was a balanced change over design with 4 treatments and 4 periods of 21 days. Experimental treatments were: No Choline (NC), Unprotected Choline (UC) fed at 50 g day-1, Rumen Protected Choline (RPC 25) fed at 25 g day-1 and Rumen Protected Choline (RPC 50) fed at 50 g day-1. Rumen protected choline was blended with 0.25 kg of ground corn and fed once per day as a top dress. Blood samples from coccygeal vessels were collected on last day of each period and analyzed for glucose, triglyceride, cholesterol, blood urea nitrogen, very low density lipoprotein, low density lipoprotein and high density lipoprotein. The result shows that blood metabolites such as glucose, triglyceride, cholesterol, blood urea nitrogen, very low density lipoprotein and low density lipoprotein not affected by treatments (p>0.05). Blood glucose concentration tendency increased by rumen protected and unprotected choline, but wasn’t statistically significant. Unprotected choline decreased concentration of high density lipoprotein than control group (p<0.05). Rumen protected choline had no significant effect on high density lipoprotein levels. High density lipoprotein decreased by using unprotected choline, but other blood metabolites not changed by treatments.
  M. Mohajer , A.R. Alimon , H.B. Yaakub , A. Niasari- Naslaji and A. Toghdory
  About 184 Zel ewes, 3-5 years of age and a body weight of between 40 and 45 kg were used in the trial. Ewes were randomly allocated to 4 treatments groups based on BW and age (46 ewes/group). All of the ewes were fed in two nutritional groups including low (2 mcal kg-1) and high (2.3 mcal kg-1) metabolizeble energy diet. Ewes received experimental diet until 28th day of experiment. The estrous cycles of ewes were synchronized using SIDR and 2 levels of PMSG (300 and 500 IU). Treatments include: 1-High energy and 300 IU PMSG (H300), 2-High energy and 500 IU PMSG (H500), 3-Low energy and 300 IU PMSG (L300) and 4-Low energy and 500 IU PMSG (L300). Jugular blood samples were collected from ewes using vacutainers at 10 h in first day of experiment, CIDR insert day, CIDR removal day before mating and 120 h after mating. Bloods samples centrifuged at 3000x g for 15 min then serum immediately separated and kept frozen at -20°C until analysis for insulin, FSH and progesterone. Repeated measurements used for data analysis. The result showed that there were no any significant difference between two groups weight before start the experiment (p>0.05). During the experiment high level of energy increased the body weight than low level group (p<0.05). Energy had no significant effect on blood FSH and progesterone concentration (p>0.05) but high level of energy decreased the insulin concentration significantly (p<0.05). In this study PMSG had no any significant effect on blood metabolites such as FSH, Insulin and progesterone.
  A. Toghdory , N. Torbatinejad , R. Kamali , M. Mohajer and M. Chamani
  An experiment was conducted by eight lactating Holstein cows with an average milk production of 32.75 kg day-1 and body weight of 643.6 kg to evaluate the effects of propylene glycol (PG) on productive performance, blood metabolites and nutrients digestibilities. In this experiment a balanced change-over design with four treatments and four periods with 21 days were employed. Treatments included: (1) Control (without PG), (2) 250 g PG/cow/day, (3) 500 g PG/cow/day and (4) 750 g PG/cow/day. Daily milk yield recorded and milk samples were taken during seven and two last days of each period. The results show that dry matter intake, milk yield, fat corrected milk yield, milk compositions were not affected (p>0.05) by different levels of PG. Supplementing diets with 500 and 750 g PG/cow/day, significantly increased plasma glucose (p<0.05) but other blood metabolites such as blood urea nitrogen, triglyceride and cholesterol were not affected (p>0.05) by PG. Apparent digestibility of dry matter and organic matte was not affected (p>0.05) by PG administration. In conclusion, plasma glucose was increased by using 500 and 750 g PG/cow/day (as powder) in the first and mid lactation stage, but the levels of 250 g PG/cow/day did not have any significant effect on dry matter intake, milk yield, milk compositions and other blood metabolites.
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