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Articles by A. Rajan
Total Records ( 3 ) for A. Rajan
  S.C. Wong , P.H. Yiu , S.T.W. Bong , H.H. Lee , P.N.P. Neoh and A. Rajan
  Problem statement: There are numerous claims on varieties of Bario rice cultivars in Sarawak. Many of them might be synonyms or homonyms. This preliminary study was to differentiate Bario Rice cultivars using microsatellite molecular markers. Approach: Microsatellite marker panels distributed on all 12 chromosomes on rice genome were employed to study 8 Bario rice cultivars in Sarawak. Results: Current study indicated that the microsatellite panel were able to differentiate the 8 Bario rice cultivars. A total of 31 alleles were generated at 12 polymorphic microsatellite loci among the cultivars using the selected polymorphic SSR primer pairs with an average of 2.6 alleles per locus. Average PIC value obtained was 0.5204. An UPGMA dendrogram based on SSR polymorphism indicated high variation among the rice varieties with the coefficient ranging from 0.16 and 0.92. Genetic diversity determination using cluster analysis showed differentiation of rice cultivars into 2 major groups and several sub-groups. Conclusion: The SSR markers were useful for differentiating the genotypes and assessment of genetic relationships due to its reproducibility and to multiallelic, codominant and informative properties.
  M. Begum , A.S. Juraimi , S.R. Syed Omar , A. Rajan and M. Azmi
  This research was conducted in the glasshouse at Universiti Putra Malaysia to determine the influence of nitrogen fertilization and cohorts of emergence on plant survival and reproductive capacity of Fimbristylis miliacea. One hundred seeds were sown on the surface of the saturated soil in the buckets. The treatments were without nitrogen (N) and with 170 kg N ha-1. The experimental design was CRD with eight replications. Fimbristylis miliacea seedling emergences was recorded weekly up to 4 weeks and were considered as 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th cohorts, respectively. Considering the repeated observation of emergence cohorts, statistical analysis was done as a split plot design where N treatment was considered as main plot and emergence cohorts was subplot by using the SAS statistical software and means were tested using Tukey`s studentized range test at the 5% level of probability. Percentage emergence and percentage survival data were transformed into square root values and cumulative cohort data for all parameters were analyzed using unpaired t test to determine N effects. The nitrogen had no influence on F. miliacea emergence. Whereas, high death rates in F. miliacea among young seedlings indicated a Deevey Type III survivorship curve and higher number of deaths occurred in late emerging cohorts (4th cohorts) especially when nitrogen was applied. Early emerging cohorts had greater survivorship and contributed most extensively to the next generation by producing more than 90% seeds irrespective of nitrogen treatment. Fimbristylis miliacea plants establishing from every 100 seeds can reproduce 287,722 seeds with nitrogen treatment, which was 1.65 fold greater than without nitrogen.
  M. Begum , A.S. Juraimi , S.R. Syed Omar , A. Rajan and M. Azmi
  The experiment was conducted in the glasshouse at Universiti Putra Malaysia to determine the efficacy of herbicides with different modes of action against a Fimbristylis miliacea population and increased rice yield potentiality. Nine early post emergence herbicide treatments such as bensulfuron, cinosulfuron, pyrazosulfuron, cinosulfuron+pretilachlor+safener, 2, 4-D (amine), pretilachlor+safener, bentazone, fentrazamide+propanil and bispyribac-sodium were applied singly or in mixtures. A weed-free (hand-weeded) treatment and an unweeded treatment served as controls. The treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block design with four replications. A weed-free (hand-weeded) treatment and an unweeded treatment served as controls. The treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block design with four replications. Data on crop phytotoxicity, weed control, chlorophyll content, plant height, productive tillers, total tillers, panicle length, grains per panicle, 1000 grain weight, % filled grains per panicle, grain yield and straw biomass were recorded to evaluate efficacy of the different treatments. All tested herbicides were effective in controlling F. miliacea, but the herbicides bensulfuron and fentrazamide+propanil increased grain yield by more than 80% compared to the unweeded treatment and were comparable to the weed-free treatment.
 
 
 
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