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Articles by A. Promkhambut
Total Records ( 3 ) for A. Promkhambut
  W. Wattanapayapkul , A. Polthanee , B. Siri , N. Na Bhadalung and A. Promkhambut
  Infestation of rice by the leaf blast disease caused by Pyricularia oryzae is frequent and results in severe yield losses and high production costs. Silicon has been reported to have potential for controlling the blast disease in rice. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of silicon in suppressing the blast disease and increasing the grain yield of organic rice in northeast Thailand. Field experiments were conducted in farmers’ fields in two locations in Northeast Thailand, Buriram (experiment 1) and Surin (experiment 2) provinces. Both experiments used a randomized complete block design with four replications. Treatments consisted of four silicon application rates of 0, 250, 500 and 1,000 kg ha-1. Results showed that silicon applied to rice suppressed occurrence of the blast disease. Values of a severity index of leaf blast and neck blast were significantly decreased when silicon was applied at the rate of 250 to 1,000 kg ha-1 in comparison with the control treatment without silicon in both locations. At the highest silicon application rate, 1000 kg ha-1, leaf and neck blast severity were reduced by 83 and 75% in experiment 1 and 81 and 77% in experiment 2, respectively. Grain yield when silicon was applied was 19-43% higher than the control in experiment 1 and 2-14% higher than the control in experiment 2. The maximum grain yield was obtained at the rate of 1,000 kg ha-1 in both locations (4,538 and 4,070 kg ha-1 in experiments 1 and 2, respectively). The yield obtained when silicon was applied at the rate of 1000 kg ha-1 was not significantly different from that obtained at the rate of 500 kg ha-1 in experiment 1, but it was significantly higher in experiment 2.
  A. Promkhambut , A. Younger , A. Polthanee and C. Akkasaeng
  The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of waterlogging on morphological and physiological traits of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) cultivars. Four sorghum cultivars, cv. Wray, Keller, Bailey (sweet cultivar) and cv. SP1 (forage cultivar) at five expanded leaf stage were subjected to 20 days of waterlogging and drained pots were kept as the control. Twenty days of waterlogging did not cause a significant difference in shoot and root biomass among cultivars. Flooding reduced leaf area (69%), plant height (30%) and youngest leaf expansion rate of all cultivars but severely reduced in SP1 (35-80%). Flooding promoted leaf senescence of all cultivars and biomass allocation to shoot (increase in shoot/root) in Wray, Keller and Bailey, but increased biomass partitioning to root in SP1. The initiation of new nodal root was noted in SP1, whereas the ability to maintain root surface area by increase in longest root length and nodal root development near soil surface was found in Wray. Photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance and transpiration rate were severely reduced under waterlogging conditions of sweet cultivars (65-78%), but enhanced over the control in forage cultivar (56%). The ability to conserve root surface area, allocate more biomass to shoot during waterlogging and develop root near soil surface may support new growth in Wray, whereas the ability to maintain leaf gas exchange parameters in SP1 was due to the active nodal root growth. Nevertheless, there was no relationship between photosynthetic rate and shoot growth of sorghum under anaerobic conditions.
  A. Polthanee , C. Janthajam and A. Promkhambut
  The objectives of this study were to investigate growth, yield, starch content and economic return of cassava cultivars grown following rice. Five cassava cultivars including Rayong-7, Rayong-11, Rayong-72, Kasetsart-50 and Huaybong-80 were tested in randomized complete block design with 4 replications. The results showed that at 6 months after growing. Rayong-11 gave the highest of leaf area index as well as leaves and stems dry weight. Rayong-7 produced the maximum fresh tuber roots yield, while Rayong-72 gave the highest dry roots yield. The starch content was not significantly affected by cassava cultivars. Kasetsart-50 tended to give the highest starch content. Cassava grown following rice as a bonus crop provided net income over materials cost 1,163-1,810 US dollars ha-1, depending on the cultivar.
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