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Articles by A. Moradi
Total Records ( 7 ) for A. Moradi
  T. Dadgar , M. Asmar , A. Saifi , M. Mazandarani , H. Bayat , A. Moradi , M. Bazueri and E. Ghaemi
  Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is a serious global problem and includes strains of beta-lactam-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). Novel antimicrobials and/or new approaches to combat the problem are urgently needed. The aim of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial activity of alcoholic and aqueous extract of 23 medical plants species of Golestan province on clinical and standard stains of MRSA and MSSA. Twenty three medicinal plants were collected from their natural habitat in Golestan province in north of Iran. Their ethanolic and aqueous extract obtained by percolation methods. Antibacterial effects were assessed by disk diffusion method and the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of the extracts was determined by the micro broth dilution against 14 clinical and standard strains of methicillin resistant and sensitive of Staphylococcus aureus. The ethanolic and aqueous extract of 8, plants showed best anti staphylococcal effect, respectively. The ethanolic extract of Artemisia, herbaalba, Nigella sativa, Punica granatum, possed the most outstanding in vitro antibacterial activity which the maximum inhibition zone was 22.4-18 mm, respectively and the lowest MIC values was measured in Punica granatum, as 0.01 mg mL-1 against MRSA The results showed that ethanolic extract had better antibacterial effect than aqueous extract and anti staphylococcal activity of Ethanolic extract of plants against MRSA was better than MSSA strains. Ethanolic and aqueous extract of Punica granatum had the best antibacterial activity against the tested microorganisms. The result obtained from these plants might be considered sufficient for further studies.
  A. Moradi , A.R. Mansurian , A.R. Ahmadi , E. Ghaemi , K.H. Kalavi , A. Marjani and E. Sanei Moghaddam
  In this study, the prevalence of HTLV-1 infection among the thalassemic patients was investigated. 181 thalassemic patients whom referred to Talghani hospital during, Oct. 2004-Sep. 2005 were participated in this study. HTLV antibody was determined using ELISA technique. In this procedure (Diapron laboratory kit) HTLV, positive samples tested by HTLV-1 western blot (kit, 2.4) to confirm, ELISA positive samples and also to detect the HTLV types. From 181 thalassemic patients, 93 (51.4%) were males. The age rate of these ranged 1-25 years, (mean of 14.11±6.5). Of these subjects 169 patients (93.4%) were received packet cell at least one unite per month. 28(14.9%) of subjects were HTLV positive, while only 4.4% of them were confirmed by western blot and also for contamination with type-1 virus infection. Contamination with this virus increased, as the patients were getting older. The findings derived from this study indicated that among the thalassemic patients in Gorgan there were cases with HTLV-1, infection that was correlated with the other part of the country. It is therefore concluded; that further comprehensive studies are required to identify infected blood donations by blood donors in Gorgan.
  A. Vafaee , M. Khabazkhoob , A. Moradi and A.A. Najafpoor
  Studies show that the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding during the first six months of life in some regions of the world has decreased. This rate has been 28% in Iran in 2006. To determine the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding during the first six months of life and its determinant factors on the referring children to the health centers in Mashhad, Northeast of Iran. Through a population-based, cross-sectional cluster sampling, 1450 seven to twelve month children from 30 clusters were chose in Mashhad, Northeast of Iran. The variables of the surveys included the information about the duration and patterns of breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices, childhood illnesses, education. The information was collected by using a questionnaire and interviewing with the mothers. The exclusive breastfeeding was defined as feeding the children with just breast milk. All variables were presented as numbers with percentage and statistical analysis was performed with the Stata 8.0. The 87.4% of mothers have intended in the study. The 51.2% were boys and 48.8% were girls. The prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding was 56.4%. The 91.7% of the studying infants were fed by their mother milk soon after being born. In the polygamous logistic regression model, the mother’s age, the mother’s information of milk adequacy and the relatives’ suggestion to consume baby formula were the elements which had significant relation with the breastfeeding during the first six months. Almost, 43% of children had some substitutions like family foods or baby formula instead of their exclusive breastfeeding until 6th month. Considering the important role of mother milk, presenting educational plans and increasing the mothers’ awareness about lactation, could be the priorities of the health ministry in children health.
  Y. Yahyapour , R. Hamkar , A. Moradi , M. Mahmoudi , Z. Nourozbabaei , Z. Saadatmand and T. Mokhtari Azad
  Present study introduces results of common influenza virus strains in the north of Iran. Samples collected from 65 patients with acute respiratory illness by throat washing and swabs, randomly from north of Iran (Mazandaran, Golestan and Guilan provinces). The patients suffered from fever (high), cough, sore throat, general malaise, chill and myalgia. Viruses were isolated by cell culture and confirmed with HA (Hemagglutination) test and then typed by and HI (Hemagglutination Inhibition) test. Out of 65 throat samples, 12 influenza viruses were isolated and typed. Isolated viruses belonged to A (H1N1), A (H3N2) and B influenza viruses. This study showed that Influenza viruses displayed identical pattern to other provinces in Iran and to other countries. To fight against epidemics and pandemics, we should collect enough data about status of influenza each year and data of exact vaccine formulation application for use in different areas of the world. Acquired data has shown that the vaccine for above viruses that confirmed by WHO can result in decreased risks of influenza in at risk cases in provinces of north Iran.
  A.R. Mansourian , A. Saifi , M.A. Vakili , A. Marjani , E. Ghaemi , A. Moradi and A.R. Ahmadi
  This study was carried out to evaluate the pattern of antibiotics prescribed by either General Physician or specialist, mostly practiced medicine in the private sectors, in Gorgan, Located in south-east Caspian sea in the northern Iran. This research was a prospective study, using a pharmacist administrated questionnaires to record the prescribed antibiotics. The findings indicated amoxicillin, cephalexin, penicillin, with 31.4, 21 and 17.4% are among the most widely prescribed antibiotics, respectively. ENT specialist prescribed the highest rate of antibiotics (24.1%), although as whole General physicians are among high antibiotics prescribing doctors, with such rate of antibiotics prescription, an educational program, among the community health centers, especially for young physicians on the need for antibiotics therapy and risk factors associated with increase rate of antibiotic resistant organism are suggested.
  A.R. Mansourian , E.O. Ghaemi , A.R. Ahmadi , A. Marjani , A. Moradi and A. Saifi
  The purpose of this study was to describe the distribution of serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) and to determine age-specific reference range in a population of Persian men. Venous blood samples were taken from 287 men, from Gorgan located in the North of Iran, South-East of Caspian Sea, aged 15≥80 year. The serum PSA levels was measured using Enzyme-linked Immunosorbant-Assay (ELISA) technique and age-specific range for PSA level was determined. The serum prostate-specific antigen level for six age group of 15-40 years, 41-50 years, 51-60 years, 61-70 years, 71-80 years and >80 years were mainly in the range of 0-2.5 ng mL-1, for 76.6%, 2.6-4 ng mL-1 for 9.1% and as whole 85.7% of all men in this study had ≤4 ng mL-1, 8.7 and 5.6% all men of six age group had PSA level of 4.1-10 ng mL-1 and >10 ng mL-1, respectively. The findings of present study indicated that a large proportion (76.6%) men in this region have a lower PSA level of 0-2.5 ng mL-1 and only 9.1% of men have PSA level of 2.6-4 ng mL-1. It is therefore concluded that acceptable reference range of 0-4 ng mL-1 for PSA level require further reassessment.
  A. Sadighi , M. Bazavar , A. Moradi and B. Eftekharsadat
  Distal radius fractures are among the most common bone fractures all over the world. Close reduction and fixation by percutaneous pinning is a less invasive method comparing with other open surgeries. This study aims at evaluating the functional outcome of this treatment in distal radius fractures. In this prospective study, 50 patients with distal radius fractures underwent percutaneous pinning during a 16 month period in Tabriz Shohada Hospital. Follow-up for 3 months was possible in 48 (96%) patients. Possible complications (such as infection, nonunion, pin loosening and pain), functional outcomes (including range of motion, grip and pinch strengths) and radiological outcome were documented in intervals during follow-up. Forty eight patient, 22 males and 27 females with a mean age of 47.1±13.7 (19-80) years were enrolled. Local pain, infection and pin loosening were documented in 14.6, 16.7 and 2.1% of cases, respectively. Based on radiological reports, unacceptable palmar tilt, articular step, radial inclination and radial shortening were present in 6.3, 0, 2.1 and 6.3% of cases, respectively three months post-operation. The clinical outcomes according to Cooney’s modification of the Green and O’Brien scheme were as excellent, good, fair and poor in 52.1, 31.3, 10.4 and 6.3% of cases, respectively. According to these results, closed reduction and percutaneous pinning of distal radius fractures is a rather successful method with minor complications.
 
 
 
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