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Articles by A. Malla
Total Records ( 2 ) for A. Malla
  G. Gariepy , A. Malla , J. Wang , L. Messier , I. Strychar , A. Lesage and N. Schmitz
  Aims  Despite the detrimental effects of smoking on their health, a high number of adults with Type 2 diabetes continue to smoke. Identifying distinct types of smokers within this population could help tailor and target intervention programmes. This study examined whether smokers with Type 2 diabetes could be classified into different profiles based on smoking habits, socio-economic characteristics and lifestyle factors.

Methods  A sample of adults with self-reported diabetes was selected from random-digit dialling. Analyses included 383 participants with Type 2 diabetes who were current smokers. Information related to smoking, socio-economic status, health and lifestyle was collected by phone interview at baseline and 1 year later. Latent class analysis was used to identify subgroups of smokers.

Results  We uncovered three meaningful classes of smokers: class 1, long-time smokers with long-standing diabetes (n = 105); class 2, heavy smokers with deprived socio-economic status, poor health and unhealthy lifestyle characteristics (n = 105); class 3, working and active smokers who were more recently diagnosed with diabetes (n = 173). Members of class 2 were significantly more likely to be disabled and depressed at baseline and 1 year later compared with other classes.

Conclusions  Different profiles of smokers exist among adults with Type 2 diabetes, each suggesting different cessation treatment needs. Distinguishing between these types of smokers may enable clinicians to tailor their approach to smoking cessation.

  L. Buchy , A. Malla , R. Joober and M. Lepage
  Previous work on chronic psychosis patients has suggested that low self-reflectiveness and overconfidence in judgments may be associated with delusions. In the present study we evaluated whether this extends to a first-episode psychosis sample. Thirteen actively delusional and 53 non-delusional participants with a first-episode psychosis completed the Beck Cognitive Insight Scale. Relative to non-delusional participants, delusional participants endorsed greater self-reflectiveness, though their confidence in their judgments was the same as non-delusional participants. These results suggest that the capacity to self-reflect and refrain from overconfidence may interact with delusions differentially across multiple phases of psychosis. The cognitive system involved in self-reflectiveness may be important for delusional thinking during a first-episode psychosis.
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