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Articles by A. Londero
Total Records ( 3 ) for A. Londero
  A.R. Reginatto , A. Menconi , A. Londero , M. Lovato , A. Pires Rosa , S. Shivaramaiah , A.D. Wolfenden , W.E. Huff , G.R. Huff , N.C. Rath , A.M. Donoghue , B.M. Hargis and G. Tellez
  The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of 0.2% dietary Aspergillus Meal (AM) on performance and bone parameters of neonatal turkey poults. A total of 200 day-of-hatch turkey poults were used for this experiment. Two dietary treatments, similar in energy and protein content differing only by the addition of 0.2% AM, were used. Poults were divided into 2 treatment groups with 25 birds per treatment and four replicates each. Group 1 received a basal non medicated control diet and group 2 received dietary AM. At the end of 30 d, poults were weighed, euthanized and tibias were collected to evaluate bone quality using an Instron shear press machine and bone parameters such as tibia weight, diameter, ash, calcium and phosphorus assays. Samples of distal ileum were collected and the content subjected to protein and energy analysis. Poults fed with dietary AM had a significant improvement in BW and feed conversion ratios (p<0.05). Distal ileum content showed significantly less concentration of energy and protein when compared with the poults receiving control diet. Tibia weight, diameter, breaking strength, ash, calcium and phosphorus were significantly higher in poults that received dietary AM prebiotic. These results suggest that the increase in performance and bone parameters in neonatal turkey poults fed with 0.2% AM, is improved upon feeding Aspergillus niger mycelium prebiotic.
  A. Londero , A. Menconi , A.R. Reginatto , I. Bacocina , A. Wolfenden , S. Shivaramaiah , B.M. Hargis and G. Tellez
  The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of 0.2% dietary Aspergillus Meal (AM) against horizontal transmission of Salmonella sp. in turkeys and chickens. Experiment 1 evaluated the effect of AM against horizontal transmission of Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) in turkeys. Day-of-hatch turkeys were assigned to untreated control or AM prebiotic-fed groups. Five additional seeder turkeys per group were challenged with 1.5 x 105 cfu SE and placed in each of the treatment groups 24 h later. At ten, twenty and thirty days of age, Cecal Tonsils (CT) were cultured for SE recovery. A significant reduction in SE recovery (25%, 30% and 35% respectively) was observed in prebiotic-fed turkeys when compared with controls (p<0.05). In experiments 2 and 3, the effect of AM against horizontal transmission of Salmonella Typhimurium (ST) in chickens was evaluated. In each experiment, day-of-hatch chickens were assigned to untreated control or AM prebiotic-fed groups. Five additional seeder chicks per group were challenged with 1.25 x 105 cfu of ST and placed in each of the treatment groups 24 h later. At ten days of age, Liver/Spleen (L/S) and CT were cultured for ST recovery. In experiments 2 and 3, percent reduction of ST from L/S and CT were 60%, 75% and 55%, 60% respectively when compared to non-treated controls. These results suggest that the addition of AM as a prebiotic at 0.2% may have a beneficial effect in reducing Salmonella levels and may enhance overall food safety of poultry meat.
  A. Menconi , A.R. Reginatto , A. Londero , N.R. Pumford , M. Morgan , B.M. Hargis and G. Tellez
  An alternative to antibiotics is the use of certain organic acids for routinely encountered pathogens in the poultry industry. Direct acidification of drinking water with organic acids could significantly reduce the amount of recoverable Salmonella Typhimurium (ST) from the crop and cecal tonsils when used during the pre-slaughter feed withdrawal period. In the present study, in vitro and in vivo evaluations were conducted to compare a commercially available water acidifier (Optimizer®), versus two formulations of organic acid mix (OAM), made up of of acetic, citric and propionic acids at a final concentration of either 0.031% or 0.062%, to reduce Salmonella Typhimurium in the crop and cecal tonsils of broiler chicks during a 24 h period. The two OAM showed better in vitro activity to reduce Salmonella when compared to control. In vivo, the OAM (0.062%) had a similar effect as Optimizer® showing a significant reduction in total number of ST positive cecal tonsils, and reducing the number of ST in the crop when compared with controls (P < 0.05). All treatments reduced the number of ST recovered from crop contents at 24 h. This new formulation of OAM has great potential as a crop sanitizer and will be further evaluated under conditions similar to commercial chickens.
 
 
 
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