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Articles by A. Hartemann
Total Records ( 2 ) for A. Hartemann
  C. E. Aubert , P. Cluzel , S. Kemel , P.-L. Michel , F. Lajat-Kiss , M. Dadon , A. Hartemann and O. Bourron
 

Aims

Pulse palpation and ankle brachial index are recommended to screen for peripheral arterial occlusive disease in people with diabetes. However, vascular calcification can be associated with false negative tests (arteriopathy present despite normal screening tests). We therefore studied the impact of peripheral vascular calcification on the performance of these tests.

Methods

This cross-sectional study included 200 people with diabetes at high risk of cardiovascular disease. The main exclusion factor was an estimated glomerular filtration rate < 30ml/min. Peripheral arterial occlusive disease was diagnosed by colour duplex ultrasonography and peripheral vascular calcification scored by computed tomography scan. We measured sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, accuracy and likelihood ratios of pulse palpation and ankle brachial index, and looked for the impact of calcification on false negative tests (arteriopathy present despite normal screening tests).

Results

Ankle brachial index alone had poor sensitivity and negative predictive value and high negative likelihood ratio. Pulse palpation had higher sensitivity and negative predictive value. An abnormal pulse palpation, defined by weak or missing pulses, combined with an abnormal ankle brachial index, had the highest sensitivity and negative predictive value (92.3 and 89.8%, respectively). Vascular calcification score was higher in patients with false negative tests, for both pulse palpation and ankle brachial index (P < 0.0001 for all). Ankle systolic blood pressure was higher in patients with false negative tests for pulse palpation (P = 0.004).

Conclusions

Below-knee vascular calcification gave a high rate of false negative results for ankle brachial index. Refined pulse palpation combined with ankle brachial index remained the best strategy to screen for peripheral arteriopathy.

  M. Halbron , C. Sachon , D. Simon , T. Obadia , A. Grimaldi and A. Hartemann
 

Aims

To evaluate if a single inpatient education training programme can achieve individualized therapeutic targets.

Methods

Patients with Type 1 diabetes participating in a flexible intensive therapy programme were consecutively included in a prospective monocentric study. They all participated in the same education programme which had a patient-centred approach. Before the intervention, patients were divided into three groups according to their main therapeutic target: Group 1, to decrease HbA1c concentration in patients with baseline HbA1c ≥ 58 mmol/mol (7.5%); Group 2, to improve quality of life and satisfaction with treatment in patients with baseline HbA1c < 58 mmol/mol (7.5%); and Group 3, to decrease the frequency of hypoglycaemic episodes in patients with severe or frequent hypoglycaemic episodes. Therapeutic targets were evaluated at 12 months. Quality of life and treatment satisfaction were evaluated with validated questionnaires completed at baseline and 6 months.

Results

In Group 1 (n = 74), the mean ± sd HbA1c concentration decreased from 75 ± 15 mmol/mol (9.0 ±1.4%) to 68 ±15 mmol/mol (8.4 ± 1.4%; P < 0.001), with 53% of patients experiencing a decrease in HbA1c concentration of at least 6 mmol/mol (0.5%), without weight gain or more frequent hypoglycaemia. In Group 2 (n = 12), patient satisfaction with treatment improved significantly (P < 0.0001). In Group 3 (n = 35), minor hypoglycaemia significantly decreased from a mean ± sd of 6.6 ± 4.7 to 3.2 ± 3.0 hypoglycaemic episodes/week (P < 0.001) and the incidence of severe hypoglycaemia dropped significantly from a mean ± sd of 2.31 ± 3.07 to 0.86 ± 2.46 episodes/patient/year (P < 0.001).

Conclusions

Many patients with different needs, who attended the same flexible intensive therapy education programme, which had a patient-centred approach, were able to achieve their individual therapeutic targets.

 
 
 
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