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Articles by A. Forbes
Total Records ( 3 ) for A. Forbes
  L. Wu , A. Forbes , P. Griffiths , P. Milligan and A. While
  Objective To examine the impact of telephone follow-up interventions on glycaemic control in patients with Type 2 diabetes. Methods This was a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials using The Cochrane Library, including the Cochrane central register of controlled trials; MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO and CINHAL, together with citation searching. The included studies were randomized controlled trials examining the effect of a telephone follow-up intervention on glycaemic control in patients with Type 2 diabetes. All the included trials were subject to critical appraisal. Data were extracted on study design, characteristics of patients, exact nature of the telephone intervention and details of comparison. Pooled standardized effects were calculated for the primary outcome. Glycaemic control was measured by HbA1c. Results HbA1c levels reported in the reviewed studies were pooled using random effects models. The standardized effect of telephone follow-up was equivocal, with endpoint data showing weighted mean differences of –0.44 (95% CI –0.93 to 0.06) (Z = –1.72, P = 0.08) in favour of the telephone follow-up intervention. Subgroup analysis of more intensive interventions (interactive follow-up with health professional plus automated follow-up or non-interactive follow-up) showed (n = 1057) a significant benefit in favour of the treatment group, with a standardized mean difference of –0.84 (95% CI –1.67 to 0.0) (Z = 1.97, P = 0.05), indicating that more intensive (targeted) modes of follow-up may have better effects on glycaemic control. Conclusions The analysis suggested that telephone follow-up interventions following a more intensive targeted approach could have a positive impact on glycaemic control for Type 2 diabetes.
  K. Ridge , J. Treasure , A. Forbes , S. Thomas and K. Ismail
  Aims To elicit the barriers and motivators to better diabetes self care in patients with Type 1 diabetes. Methods  We obtained a purposive sample of 47 patients with Type 1 diabetes and persistent suboptimal glycaemic control from a randomized controlled trial of nurse-delivered psychological interventions. Each participant’s second session of motivational interviewing was analysed using content analysis. Results Four major themes emerged: emotions of living with Type 1 diabetes, perceived barriers to diabetes management, motivators for change and methods of coping. Increased assistance and support from family and healthcare teams, the prospect of improved emotional and physical well-being and feelings of success were described as factors that might motivate participants to practice more effective self care. Conclusions An enhanced awareness of the range of psychological concepts in diabetes may enable a better therapeutic relationship between clinicians and patients.
  R. I. G. Holt , A. Nicolucci , K. Kovacs Burns , M. Escalante , A. Forbes , N. Hermanns , S. Kalra , M. Massi-Benedetti , A. Mayorov , E. Menendez-Torre , N. Munro , S. E. Skovlund , I. Tarkun , J. Wens and M. Peyrot


The second Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes and Needs (DAWN2) study sought cross-national comparisons of perceptions on healthcare provision for benchmarking and sharing of clinical practices to improve diabetes care.


In total, 4785 healthcare professionals caring for people with diabetes across 17 countries participated in an online survey designed to assess diabetes healthcare provision, self-management and training.


Between 61.4 and 92.9% of healthcare professionals felt that people with diabetes needed to improve various self-management activities; glucose monitoring (range, 29.3-92.1%) had the biggest country difference, with a between-country variance of 20%. The need for a major improvement in diabetes self-management education was reported by 60% (26.4-81.4%) of healthcare professionals, with a 12% between-country variance. Provision of diabetes services differed among countries, with many healthcare professionals indicating that major improvements were needed across a range of areas, including healthcare organization [30.6% (7.4-67.1%)], resources for diabetes prevention [78.8% (60.4-90.5%)], earlier diagnosis and treatment [67.9% (45.0-85.5%)], communication between team members and people with diabetes [56.1% (22.3-85.4%)], specialist nurse availability [63.8% (27.9-90.7%)] and psychological support [62.7% (40.6-79.6%)]. In some countries, up to one third of healthcare professionals reported not having received any formal diabetes training. Societal discrimination against people with diabetes was reported by 32.8% (11.4-79.6%) of participants.


This survey has highlighted concerns of healthcare professionals relating to diabetes healthcare provision, self-management and training. Identifying between-country differences in several areas will allow benchmarking and sharing of clinical practices.

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