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Articles by A. Ferchichi
Total Records ( 6 ) for A. Ferchichi
  M. Issoufou , M. Zaman Allah , A. Ferchichi and E. Ferjani
  Buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris) growth, biomass allocation to root and shoot, water use efficiency and photosynthetic activity were measured in response to two defoliation heights (5 and 3 cm). Results showed that plants clipped at 5 cm showed a significant increase of diameter and water use efficiency as well as higher leaf water potential with a subsequent increase of stomatal conductance and photosynthetic activity. On the other hand, plants clipped at 3 cm presented an increase in photosynthetic activity parameters but a significant decrease in all growth parameters and water use efficiency.
  L. Touil , F. Guesmi , K. Fares , C. Zagrouba and A. Ferchichi
  The objective of this study was to investigate the differentiation level among 35 populations in which 20 are locals originating from the Tunisian South and 15 introduced from Italy, Australy, France and Morocco with morphologicals traits and mineral composition. The tenors of sodium, potassium and phosphorus were determined. Diversity according to the mineral composition and morphologicals characters inter populations were analyzed by two statistical procedures, Hierarchical classification and Correspondence Factorial Analysis. Its conclude that the local`s populations were adapted at worst conditions in South Tunisian.
  F. Guasmi , L. Touil , K. Feres , W. Elfelah , T. Triki and A. Ferchichi
  Genetic diversity can be measured by several criteria, including phenotype, pedigree, allelic diversity at marker loci and allelic diversity at loci controlling phenotypes of interest. Abundance, high level of polymorphism and ease of genotyping make simple sequence repeats (SSRs) an excellent molecular marker system for genetics diversity analyses. In this study, we used a three of mapped SSRs to examine the genetic diversity of Tunisian barley accessions and to establish phylogenetic relationships among them. These primers produce a total of 9 bands witch 7 loci polymorphic, the percentage of polymorphism ranged from 14.28 to 42.85%. The clustering grouped the studied accessions into 3 clusters with no correlation to geographical origins. The CFA permit to group the various populations by projected them in a plan formed by two axes (F1, F2), present 3 groups which are similar with those obtained by hierarchical classification. Present results demonstrate that this SSR marker was highly informative and was useful in generating a meaningful classification of barley germplasm.
  L. Touil , F. Guesmi , K. Fares and A. Ferchichi
  The genetic diversity within 29 populations, when 15 populations are local originating in the Tunisian south and 12 introduced of Italy, Austerely, France and Morocco, was analysed by ISSR markers (Inter Simple Repeat sequence). The genetic similarity between these various populations is estimated by the index of Rogers and Tanimoto. Genetic diversity is analyzed by one statistical procedure: hierarchical classification. The total number of bands varied between the various populations from 9-16. The percentage of total polymorphism is about 60%. Four large groups were obtained.
  K. Fares , F. Guasmi , L. Touil , T. Triki and A. Ferchichi
  The identification and the characterization of some Pistachio cultivars trees in South of Tunisia revealed a remarkable diversity between different cultivars, thanks to molecular markers (ISSR) supported by morphological markers (length sheets, leaf area, length of fruit, forms of final leaflet, their length and by chemical markers (content of vitamins). For the whole of the studied cultivars, the length of fruits is between 16.3 and 20.4 cm, the length of the final leaflet is 5.88 to 8.42 cm its form oscillates from elliptic to round, the average leaf area varies between 17.13 to 34.05 cm2 in all varieties. The analysis of chemical variability allows to distinguish in different cultivars studied a variability on the level of the composition of vitamin B1, B2, B6 and VC. The content of vitamin B1 is going from 0 to 1 mg g-1 in the varieties Kermizi, Meknessy 1, Mumtez, Mateur 2 and Mateur 3 and 0.019 mg g-1 in Lybie rouge then the range of B2 is going from 0.001 mg g-1 at the variety Mateur 3, with 0.07 mg g-1 in Lybie rouge, the content of vitamin B6 is very variable from 0. 0016 mg g-1 at Mateur 3, with 0.01643 mg g-1 in Red Aleppo and the VC is going from 0.013 mg g-1 in Meknessy 1 to 0.09 mg g-1 in Lybie blanc. The PCR amplification of Pistachio varieties revealed a high percentage of the polymorphic fragments (26 fragments are polymorphs), the varieties Mumtez, El Guettar and Mateur 1 are characterized by a high percentage of the polymorphic locus (38.46%) whereas the varieties Lybie blanc, Kermizi, Lovy, Meknessy 1, Lybie rouge, Brise vent, Mateur 2, Mateur 3, Mateur 4, Meknessy 2, Kerman, Red Aleppo have an average polymorphism (between 26.92 and 34.61%). The variety Meknessy I (rate = 3.84%) and Lybie blanc (rate = 15.38%) have a low polymorphism. Several varieties have a coefficient of similarity (ds) close to 1 they are considered genetically very similar. Among these varieties Brise vent and Mateur 3 whose a coefficient of similarity equal to 0.667 (dg = 0.333), Lovy and Mumtez whose coefficient is equal to 0.632(dg = 0.368), Lybie rouge and El Guettar whose coefficient is equal to 0.632 (dg = 0.368), Kermezi and Kerman whose coefficient of similarity is equal to 0.750 (dg = 0.250), Meknessy 2 and Red Aleppo whose coefficient of similarity is about 0.857 (dg = 0.143). Certain varieties are considered genetically very distant between them, the genetic distance which separate them is large (dg = 1) it`s the case of the variety Mateur 4 with Meknessy1 (dg = 1) and Meknessy 1 with Mumtez and Mateur 3. Other varieties can be considered distant like Lybie Blanc with Brise vent and Mateur 3 (dg = 0.846), Meknessy 1 and El Guettar (dg = 0.82). The use of ISSR markers for amplification PCR of different Pistachio cultivars revealed a high percentage of the polymorphic fragments (26 bands).
  L. Touil , F. Guesmi , K. Fares , C. Zagrouba and A. Ferchichi
  This species study was to investigate the differentiation level among 26 populations wich 12 are locals originating from the Tunisian South and 14 introduced from Italy, Austerely, France and Morocco with two SSR markers. These highly polymorphic and co dominant markers, together with recent population genetic statistic extended to autotetraploids, offer tools to analyse genetic diversity in alfalfa. The number of alleles per locus varied between 8 and 9. The genetic similarity between these various populations is estimated by the index of Rogers and Tanimoto. Genetic diversity is analysed by two statistical procedures: Hierarchical classification and Correspondence Factorial Analysis (CFA). Four large groups were obtained.
 
 
 
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