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Articles by A. Esmaili
Total Records ( 2 ) for A. Esmaili
  A. Aghabarati , S.M. Hosseini , A. Esmaili and H. Maralian
  Effect of municipal effluent on survival, growth and mineral nutrient in Olea europaea L. trees were studied. A study was carried out at Tehran (Iran) in which olive trees were irrigated with municipal effluent and well water for a period of 7 years. We analyzed the soil; leaves and fruits of olive trees irrigated with municipal effluent and compared them with olive trees irrigated with well water. Observation included tree height, collar diameter, survival and plant mineral composition, mineral uptake and change in soil properties at 7 years of plant age. Application of municipal effluent produced better growth in Olea europaea L. trees. The trees irrigated with municipal effluent attained 3.26±0.07 m height, 13.35±0.41 cm collar diameter, but trees irrigated with well water attained 2.47±0.12 m height, 9.5±0.64 cm collar diameter at the age of 7 years. Irrigation with municipal effluent increases pH, EC, OM, NH4-N, NO3-N and PO4-P in soil. Concentration of N, P, K, Ca and Mg were greater in leaves and fruits of trees irrigated with municipal effluent than those of the leaves of trees irrigated with well water. Municipal effluent may be useful in tree irrigation to increase biomass productivity. Further, reduction of toxic concentration of metal ions in effluents may be helpful for a long-term field application.
  M. Gholami , S.M.R. Fatemi , M. Falahi , A. Esmaili and A. Mashinchiyan
  In this survey, the individual and mixed effects of heavy metals such as copper and cadmium and detergent (LAS) on 1 g white fish Fry (Rutilus frisii Kutum) were studied with 6 treatments and one blank in 3 replications using OECD method in the laboratory and concentration limits were determined with logarithmic method for Cadmium (0.1-0.5), copper (1-5) and LAS (10-19) mg L-1. Finally, the achieved results were calculated with Probit analysis and Correlation coefficient was regarded for Cadmium 0.93, copper 0.92 and LAS 0.98 and in mixture of Cadmium and LAS 0.93 and mixture of copper and LAS 0.98. The amounts of LC10, LC50 and LC90 and permissible limits of above mentioned pollutants were calculated too. Copper effect on white fish fry caused LC10 = 1.83, LC50 = 4.02, LC90 = 8.79 Cadmium effect caused LC10 = 0.11, LC50 = 0.21, LC90 = 0.34; LAS caused LC10 = 5.91, LC50 = 11.62, LC90 = 22.71; mixture of LAS and Cadmium caused LC10 = 0.017, LC50 = 0.047, LC90 = 0.12; mixture of LAS and copper caused LC10 = 0.02, LC50 = 0.09, LC90 = 0.37. Hierarchically, the amounts of pollutants permissible limits for Cadmium effect on white fish fry were 0.021, for copper 0.4, for LAS 1.16 and mixture of Cadmium and LAS 0.004 and mixture of LAS and copper 0.009.
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