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Articles by A. P. Sharma
Total Records ( 3 ) for A. P. Sharma
  M. K. Das , A. P. Sharma , K. K. Vass , R. K. Tyagi , V. R. Suresh , M. Naskar and A. B. Akolkar
  The Ganges River is one of the largest river systems in the world and sustains a rich biodiversity of fish and fishers. In recent years, a decline in fish diversity and catch has become apparent due to various anthropogenic activities in the river basin. This study analyses the current fish diversity, distribution and community structure along the longitudinal gradient of the river and evaluates the ecological integrity of the riverine stretch applying a multimetric assessment approach. One hundred forty three fish species were recorded from the river and Cyprinidae was the dominant family. The middle stretch of the river exhibited dominance of small bodied erytopic, indigenous and exotic fish species with periodic and opportunistic life history strategies with significant decline of the large bodied prized Indian major carps. A tropic shift towards dominance of carnivore catfish species is evident. Non-metric multidimensional scaling revealed greater distribution and abundance of fish species with increasing river width and depth, higher sediment organic carbon, silt and clay along the river gradient. A significant change in the catches composition was evident from 1961 to 2010 in the middle stretch of the river at Allahabad. It reflected a progressive decline in proportion of Indian major carps (IMC) and the anadromous Shad Tenualosa ilisha and a significant increase in the proportion of exotic fish Cyprinus carpio and Oreochromis niloticus which represented 43-48% of the total catch. Assessment of biotic integrity showed that 28% of sample locations in the river supported fish assemblages under acceptable conditions.
  M. K. Das , A. P. Sharma , S. K. Sahu , P. K. Srivastava and A. Rej
  Climate change is evident in India as manifested by increased air temperatures, regional variation in the monsoon, frequent occurrence of droughts, and a regional increase in severe storm incidence in coastal states of India. The impacts are evident for freshwater fisheries and fishers of the River Ganga and the water bodies in its plains and deltaic areas. Analysis of time series data for 32 years from published literature and from current investigations showed a 0.99°C increase in the minimum water temperature recorded in the upper stretch of River Ganga and 0.5 to 1.4°C increases in aquaculture water on the Gangetic Plains of West Bengal. The minimum air temperature showed a 15% shift upwards during the colder months of January-February. Rainfall showed a 1% increase in the post monsoon months of September-December. The impacts were manifest in a geographic shift of warm water fish species such as Glossogobius giuris, Xenentodon cancila into the colder stretch of the River Ganga. The breeding of the Indian Major Carps (IMC) has been affected and a consequent decline in fish spawn availability in River Ganga recorded. However a positive impact on breeding in fish farm hatcheries in the Gangetic Plains was evident in the advancement and extension of the breeding period for IMC by 45-60 days. Drought in West Bengal during 2009 was evident in rainfall deficits of 29% and 27% in the districts of North 24 Parganas and Bankura, respectively, in the fish breeding months of March-September and 92% of fish spawn hatcheries were affected. These districts recorded losses on average 61% to 73% of fish spawn during 2009 compared to the previous four years. A study of the potential impact of cyclones and storms on saline water inundation using a digital elevation model generated for coastal district of South 24 Parganas indicated the potential for 3% to 11% submergence of aquaculture areas in response to 1 to 2 meter rises due to sea water incursions. The inland fisheries sector in coming years will face stiff competition for water from the industrial, municipal and agricultural sectors and climate change will compound these problems. Under such a scenario implementation of integrated water resource management involving different stake holders of fresh water would be the most effective management approach.
  C. M. Roshith , A. P. Sharma , R. K. Manna , B. B. Satpathy and U. Bhaumik
  The tidal freshwater areas of estuaries have received little attention in ecological research although they are often heavily stressed by environmental impacts. These critical habitats contribute significantly to the biodiversity of the entire estuarine system. The present study aims to describe the fish diversity, assemblage structure and seasonal dynamics through data collected by intensive sampling of the tidal freshwater stretch of the Hooghly estuary (June 2010 to June 2012), the largest estuary in India formed in the Gangetic delta. The tidal freshwater zone of Hooghly has gained importance due to ecological changes during the post-Farakka period since this zone covers 74% of the total estuarine stretch. During the study, a total of 155 fish species belonging to 49 families and 15 orders were recorded from the tidal freshwater zone of the Hooghly estuary. The exotic ornamental fish Barbonymus altus (Tinfoil Barb) has been recorded from the tidal freshwater zone which is the first record of these species in Indian inland waters. A detailed analysis of the fish diversity revealed that of the total 155 species recorded from the study, 19 species have been listed in category of threatened fishes by National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources (Lakra et al., 2010). This includes 16 vulnerable (VU) species and 4 endangered (EN) species. This signifies the role of tidal freshwater zone as an essential fish habitat due to its rich fish diversity and as a sheltered area which favours the growth and survival of larval and juvenile fish assemblages.
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