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Articles by A. M Killary
Total Records ( 2 ) for A. M Killary
  J Wang , J Chen , P Chang , A LeBlanc , D Li , J. L Abbruzzesse , M. L Frazier , A. M Killary and S. Sen
 

Development of minimally invasive biomarker assays for early detection and effective clinical management of pancreatic cancer is urgently needed to reduce high morbidity and mortality associated with this malignancy. We hypothesized that if aberrantly expressing microRNAs (miRNA) in pancreatic adenocarcinoma tissues are detected in blood plasma, then plasma profiling of these miRNAs might serve as a minimally invasive early detection biomarker assay for this malignancy. By using a modified protocol to isolate and quantify plasma miRNAs from heparin-treated blood, we show that miRNA profiling in plasma can differentiate pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients from healthy controls. We have profiled four miRNAs, miR-21, miR-210, miR-155, and miR-196a, all implicated in the development of pancreatic cancer with either proven or predicted target genes involved in critical cancer-associated cellular pathways. Of these, miR-155 has recently been identified as a candidate biomarker of early pancreatic neoplasia, whereas elevated expression of miR196a has been shown to parallel progression of disease. The results revealed a sensitivity of 64% and a specificity of 89% with the analyses of plasma levels for this panel of four miRNAs. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve were estimated at 0.82 and 0.78 without and with leave-one-out cross-validation scheme, respectively. These observations, although a "proof of principle" finding at this time, show the feasibility of developing plasma miRNA profiling as a sensitive and specific blood-based biomarker assay for pancreatic cancer that has the potential of translation to the clinic with additional improvements in the future.

  M Chen , J Gu , G. L Delclos , A. M Killary , Z Fan , M. A. T Hildebrandt , R. M Chamberlain , H. B Grossman , C. P Dinney and X. Wu
 

The phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)–AKT– mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is an important cellular pathway controlling cell growth, tumorigenesis, cell invasion and drug response. We hypothesized that genetic variations in the PI3K–AKT–mTOR pathway may affect the survival in muscle invasive and metastatic bladder cancer (MiM-BC) patients. We conducted a follow-up study of 319 MiM-BC patients to systematically evaluate 289 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of 20 genes in the PI3K–AKT–mTOR pathway as predicators of survival. In multivariate Cox regression, AKT2 rs3730050, PIK3R1 rs10515074 and RAPTOR rs9906827 were significantly associated with survival. In combined analysis, we found a cumulative effect of these three SNPs on survival. With the increasing number of unfavorable genotypes, there was a significant trend of higher risk of death in multivariate Cox regression (P for trend <0.001) and shorter median survival time in Kaplan–Meier estimates (P log rank <0.001). This is the first study to evaluate the role of germ line genetic variations in the PI3K–AKT–mTOR pathway genes as predictors of MiM-BC clinical outcomes. These findings warrant further replication in independent populations and may provide information on disease management and development of target therapies.

 
 
 
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