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Articles by A. Jalila
Total Records ( 2 ) for A. Jalila
  A.J. Awang-Hazmi , A.B.Z. Zuki , M.M. Noordin , A. Jalila and Y. Norimah
  The study was conducted to determine the composition of mineral content of cockle (Anadara granosa) shells from 3 major cockle cultivation of West Coast of Malaysia. Three samples of cockle shells from three different sources were evaluated to determine the content of 12 macro-and micro-elements (Calcium (Ca), Carbon (C), Magnesium (Mg), Sodium (Na), Phosphorus (P), Potassium (K), Ferum (Fe), Copper (Cu), Nickel ( Ni), Zink (Zn), Boron and Silica (Si)). For convenience and ease of reference, Ca and C were combine into one unit (Calcium Carbonate, CaC) while Mg, Na, P and K was evaluated individually and Fe, Cu, Ni, Zn, B and Si were evaluated as one group (others). Analysis of elements content was done using inductively Coupled plasma, Auto Analyzer, an Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer and Carbon Analyzer. Results in this study revealed that the mineral compositions of cockle shells from 3 different sources in West Coast of Peninsular Malaysia were consistence almost in all the samples. The percentage of CaC comprises of more than 98.7% of the total minerals content of the cockle shells of the 3 sources. About 1.3 % of the composition are comprises of Mg, Na, P, K and others (Fe, Cu, Ni, B, Zn and Si).Overall, the minerals composition of cockle shells of West Coast of Peninsular Malaysia are as followed: CaC 98.7 %, Mg 0.05%, Na 0.9%, p 0.02 and others 0.2%.
  A.B.Z. Zuki , D. Saudi , A. Jalila , R. Mustaffa and Y. Norimah
  The present study was conducted to evaluate the potential of cockle (Anadara granosa) shell as an alternative biomaterial for bone substitute. The cockle shells were cleaned thoroughly and dried in oven (50 C) for 3 days. The shells were then ground by using Blendor (240V) and sieved twice at 850 m and followed by 420 m. The powder was compressed to form dense pellet by using uniaxial compress technique. Three adult New Zealand White rabbits were used in this study. Each rabbit was implanted with cockle shell, cockle shell+binder and cockle shell+Hydroxiappatite (HA). The right and left gluteal muscles was implanted with cockle shell+binder and cockle shell+HA respectively, while the semitendinosus muscle was implanted with cockle shell. Radiography and ultrasonography techniques were used to evaluate the implant materials post-implantation. The animals were euthanased at three weeks post-implantation and samples of the implant materials and surrounding tissues were taken for histological evaluation. Result of the study revealed that after three weeks post-implantation, no new bone formation was detected. However, the ultrasound and the radiographic evaluations revealed the absorption and tissue reaction at the implantation sites.
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