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Articles by A. D Patterson
Total Records ( 3 ) for A. D Patterson
  A Liu , A. D Patterson , Z Yang , X Zhang , W Liu , F Qiu , H Sun , K. W Krausz , J. R Idle , F. J Gonzalez and R. Dai
 

Fenofibrate, widely used for the treatment of dyslipidemia, activates the nuclear receptor, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor . However, liver toxicity, including liver cancer, occurs in rodents treated with fibrate drugs. Marked species differences occur in response to fibrate drugs, especially between rodents and humans, the latter of which are resistant to fibrate-induced cancer. Fenofibrate metabolism, which also shows species differences, has not been fully determined in humans and surrogate primates. In the present study, the metabolism of fenofibrate was investigated in cynomolgus monkeys by ultraperformance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOFMS)-based metabolomics. Urine samples were collected before and after oral doses of fenofibrate. The samples were analyzed in both positive-ion and negative-ion modes by UPLC-QTOFMS, and after data deconvolution, the resulting data matrices were subjected to multivariate data analysis. Pattern recognition was performed on the retention time, mass/charge ratio, and other metabolite-related variables. Synthesized or purchased authentic compounds were used for metabolite identification and structure elucidation by liquid chromatographytandem mass spectrometry. Several metabolites were identified, including fenofibric acid, reduced fenofibric acid, fenofibric acid ester glucuronide, reduced fenofibric acid ester glucuronide, and compound X. Another two metabolites (compound B and compound AR), not previously reported in other species, were characterized in cynomolgus monkeys. More importantly, previously unknown metabolites, fenofibric acid taurine conjugate and reduced fenofibric acid taurine conjugate were identified, revealing a previously unrecognized conjugation pathway for fenofibrate.

  A Liu , A. D Patterson , Z Yang , X Zhang , W Liu , F Qiu , H Sun , K. W Krausz , J. R Idle , F. J Gonzalez and R. Dai
 

Fenofibrate, widely used for the treatment of dyslipidemia, activates the nuclear receptor, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor . However, liver toxicity, including liver cancer, occurs in rodents treated with fibrate drugs. Marked species differences occur in response to fibrate drugs, especially between rodents and humans, the latter of which are resistant to fibrate-induced cancer. Fenofibrate metabolism, which also shows species differences, has not been fully determined in humans and surrogate primates. In the present study, the metabolism of fenofibrate was investigated in cynomolgus monkeys by ultraperformance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOFMS)-based metabolomics. Urine samples were collected before and after oral doses of fenofibrate. The samples were analyzed in both positive-ion and negative-ion modes by UPLC-QTOFMS, and after data deconvolution, the resulting data matrices were subjected to multivariate data analysis. Pattern recognition was performed on the retention time, mass/charge ratio, and other metabolite-related variables. Synthesized or purchased authentic compounds were used for metabolite identification and structure elucidation by liquid chromatographytandem mass spectrometry. Several metabolites were identified, including fenofibric acid, reduced fenofibric acid, fenofibric acid ester glucuronide, reduced fenofibric acid ester glucuronide, and compound X. Another two metabolites (compound B and compound AR), not previously reported in other species, were characterized in cynomolgus monkeys. More importantly, previously unknown metabolites, fenofibric acid taurine conjugate and reduced fenofibric acid taurine conjugate were identified, revealing a previously unrecognized conjugation pathway for fenofibrate.

  J. A Bonzo , A. D Patterson , K. W Krausz and F. J. Gonzalez
 

Mutations in the HNF1A gene cause maturity-onset diabetes of the young type 3, one of the most common genetic causes of non-insulin-dependent (type 2) diabetes mellitus. Although the whole-body Hnf1a-null mouse recapitulates the low insulin levels and high blood glucose observed in human maturity-onset diabetes of the young type 3 patients, these mice also suffer from Laron dwarfism and aminoaciduria, suggesting a role for hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 (Hnf1) in pathophysiologies distinct from non-insulin-dependent (type 2) diabetes mellitus. In an effort to identify pathways associated with inactivation of Hnf1, an ultraperformance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry-based metabolomics study was conducted on urine samples from wild-type and Hnf1a-null mice. An increase in phenylalanine metabolites is in agreement with the known regulation of the phenylalanine hydroxylase gene by Hnf1. This metabolomic approach also identified urinary biomarkers for three tissue-specific dysfunctions previously unassociated with Hnf1 function. 1) Elevated indolelactate coupled to decreased xanthurenic acid also indicated defects in the indole and kynurenine pathways of tryptophan metabolism, respectively. 2) An increase in the neutral amino acid proline in the urine of Hnf1a-null mice correlated with loss of renal apical membrane transporters of the Slc6a family. 3) Further investigation into the mechanism of aldosterone increase revealed an overactive adrenal gland in Hnf1a-null mice possibly due to inhibition of negative feedback regulation. Although the phenotype of the Hnf1a-null mouse is complex, metabolomics has opened the door to investigation of several physiological systems in which Hnf1 may be a critical regulatory component.

 
 
 
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