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Articles by A. A Peters
Total Records ( 2 ) for A. A Peters
  C. S Aung , W Ye , G Plowman , A. A Peters , G. R Monteith and S. J. Roberts Thomson
 

A remodeling of calcium homeostasis has been identified as a characterizing feature of some cancers. Possible consequences of this include alterations in many pivotal physiological responses including apoptosis, proliferation and gene transcription. An alteration in calcium homeostasis can occur via changes in the expression of proteins that transport calcium and examples of cancers where this is seen includes the prostate and breast. A specific isoform of the calcium efflux pump, plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase (PMCA) 4, is significantly upregulated during differentiation of the HT-29 colon cancer cell line suggesting that it may also be altered in colon cancer. We now report that differentiated HT-29 colon cancer cells have pronounced plasma membrane PMCA4 localization, consistent with augmented calcium efflux. Assessment of PMCA4 transcription in human colon cancer samples suggests that PMCA4 is significantly (P < 0.000001) downregulated early in the progression of some colon cancers as these cells become less differentiated. Inhibition of PMCA4 using small interfering RNA did not induce cell death or augment sensitivity to the mitochondrial uncoupler carbonyl cyanide 3-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) or tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand. Reversing the colon cancer remodeling of PMCA4 by overexpression reduced cellular proliferation (P < 0.01) and downregulated transcription of the calcium sensitive early response gene FOS. Our studies suggest that the remodeling of the calcium signal in colon cancer is associated with compromised calcium efflux at a level that promotes proliferative pathways while avoiding increased sensitivity to apoptotic stimuli.

  E. F Need , H. I Scher , A. A Peters , N. L Moore , A Cheong , C. J Ryan , G. A Wittert , V. R Marshall , W. D Tilley and G. Buchanan
 

The androgen receptor (AR) is an important signaling molecule in multiple tissues, yet its mode of action and cell-specific activities remain enigmatic. AR function has been best studied in the prostate, in which it is essential for growth and homeostasis of the normal organ as well as each stage of cancer development. Investigation of mechanisms responsible for continued AR action that evolve during prostate cancer progression or after hormonal management of the disease have been instructive in defining AR signaling pathways. In the current paper, we use sequence similarity and the collocation of somatic mutations in prostate cancer to define residues 501–535 of the AR amino-terminal domain as an important mediator of receptor function. Specifically, the 501–535 region is required for optimal interaction of the amino-terminal domain with both the p160 coactivator, nuclear receptor coactivator-2, and the AR-ligand binding domain in the amino/carboxyl (N/C) interaction. The N/C interaction is decreased by deletion of the 501–535 region but is distinct from deletion of the 23FQNLF27 peptide in that it does not affect the capacity of the AR to activate transcription from a chromatin integrated reporter or recruitment of the receptor to androgen-responsive loci in vivo. Collectively, we have been able to outline two classes of N/C-deficient AR variant that are divergent in their capacity to act in a chromatin context, thereby further defining the interplay between N/C interaction and coregulator recruitment via multiple receptor domains. These mechanisms are likely to be key determinants of the cell and promoter specific activities of the AR.

 
 
 
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