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Articles by A. A Chen Tournoux
Total Records ( 2 ) for A. A Chen Tournoux
  R. B Weiner , A. E Weyman , A. M Khan , J. S Reingold , A. A Chen Tournoux , M Scherrer Crosbie , M. H Picard , T. J Wang and A. L. Baggish
  Background—

Left ventricular (LV) rotation results from contraction of obliquely oriented myocardial fibers. The net difference between systolic apical counterclockwise rotation and basal clockwise rotation is left ventricular torsion (LVT). Although LVT is altered in various cardiac diseases, determinants of LVT are incompletely understood.

Methods and Results—

LV end-diastolic volume, LV apical and basal rotation, peak systolic LVT, and peak early diastolic untwisting rate were measured by speckle-tracking echocardiography in healthy subjects (n=8) before and after infusion of a weight-based normal saline bolus (2.1±0.3 L). Saline infusion led to a significant increase in end-diastolic LV internal diameter (45.9±3.7 versus 47.6±4.2 mm; P=0.002) and LV end-diastolic volume (90.0±21.6 versus 98.3±19.6 mL; P=0.01). Stroke volume (51.3±10.9 versus 63.0±15.5 mL; P=0.003) and cardiac output (3.4±0.8 versus 4.4±1.5 L/min; P=0.007) increased, whereas there was no change in heart rate and blood pressure. There was a significant increase in the magnitude of peak systolic apical rotation (7.5±2.4° versus 10.5±2.8°; P<0.001) but no change in basal rotation (–4.1±2.3° versus –4.8±3.1°; P=0.44). Accordingly, peak systolic LVT increased by 33% after saline infusion (11.2±1.3° versus 14.9±1.7°; P<0.001). This saline-induced increase in LVT was associated with a marked increase in peak early diastolic untwisting rate (72.3±21.4 versus 136.8±30.0 degrees/s; P<0.001).

Conclusions—

Peak systolic LVT and peak early diastolic untwisting rate are preload-dependent. Changes in LV preload should be considered when interpreting results of future LVT studies.

  R. V Shah , A. A Chen Tournoux , M. H Picard , R. R.J van Kimmenade and J. L. Januzzi
 

Background— ST2, a biomarker of cardiomyocyte stretch, powerfully predicts poor outcomes in patients with acute dyspnea, but nothing is known about associations between soluble ST2 (sST2) and cardiac structure and function, or whether sST2 retains prognostic meaning in the context of such measures.

Methods and Results— One hundred thirty-four dyspneic patients with and without decompensated heart failure had echocardiography during index admission and vital status was ascertained at 4 years. Echocardiographic and clinical correlates of sST2 as well as independent predictors of death at 4 years were identified. sST2 correlated with left ventricular end-systolic dimensions/volumes and left ventricular ejection fraction. sST2 was inversely associated with right ventricular fractional area change (=–0.18; P=0.046), higher right ventricular systolic pressure (=0.26; P=0.005), and right ventricular hypokinesis (P<0.001) and was correlated with tissue Doppler Ea wave peak velocity, but not to other indices of diastolic function. In multivariate regression, independent predictors of sST2 included right ventricular systolic pressure (t=2.29; P=0.002), left ventricular ejection fraction (t=–2.15; P=0.05) and dimensions (end systolic, t=2.57; end diastolic, t=2.98; both P<0.05), amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (t=3.31; P=0.009), heart rate (t=2.59; P=0.01), and presence of jugular venous distension (t=2.00; P=0.05). In a Cox proportional hazards model that included echocardiographic results and other biomarkers, sST2 independently predicted death at 4 years (hazard ratio=2.70; P=0.003).

Conclusions— Among dyspneic patients with and without acute heart failure, sST2 concentrations are associated with prevalent cardiac abnormalities on echocardiography, a more decompensated hemodynamic profile and are associated with long-term mortality, independent of echocardiographic, clinical, or other biochemical markers of risk.

 
 
 
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