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Articles by A Wang
Total Records ( 5 ) for A Wang
  M. W Helms , D Kemming , C. H Contag , H Pospisil , K Bartkowiak , A Wang , S. Y Chang , H Buerger and B. H. Brandt

Clinical and animal studies have shown that coexpression of the receptor tyrosine kinases HER2 and epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR) indicates a highly metastatic phenotype of breast cancer. In a cellular model of this phenotype using differential gene expression analysis, we identified TOB1 to be up-regulated depending on EGF stimulation and transduction through phosphorylation of HER2 tyrosine 1248. mRNA expression analysis of breast cancers from a cohort of node-negative patients showed significantly shortened distant metastasis-free survival for patients with high TOB1 expression. In subsequent tissue microarray studies of 725 clinical samples, high HER2 and EGF protein levels were significantly correlated with TOB1 expression in breast cancer, whereas EGFR and EGF levels correlated with TOB1 phosphorylation. We did not observe a correlation between TOB1 expression and cyclin D1, which was previously suggested to mediate the antiproliferative effect of unphosphorylated TOB1. A positive correlation of TOB1 phosphorylation status with proliferation marker Ki67 suggests that elevated TOB1 phosphorylation might abrogate the antiproliferative effect of TOB1 in breast cancer. This suggests a new regulatory role for TOB1 in cancer progression with particular significance in HER2- and/or EGFR-positive breast cancers. [Cancer Res 2009;69(12):5049–56]

  T Lalani , C. H Cabell , D. K Benjamin , O Lasca , C Naber , V. G Fowler , G. R Corey , V. H Chu , M Fenely , O Pachirat , R. S Tan , R Watkin , A Ionac , A Moreno , C. A Mestres , J Casabe , N Chipigina , D. P Eisen , D Spelman , F Delahaye , G Peterson , L Olaison , A Wang and for the International Collaboration on Endocarditis Prospective Cohort Study (ICE PCS) Investigators

Background— The impact of early surgery on mortality in patients with native valve endocarditis (NVE) is unresolved. This study sought to evaluate valve surgery compared with medical therapy for NVE and to identify characteristics of patients who are most likely to benefit from early surgery.

Methods and Results— Using a prospective, multinational cohort of patients with definite NVE, the effect of early surgery on in-hospital mortality was assessed by propensity-based matching adjustment for survivor bias and by instrumental variable analysis. Patients were stratified by propensity quintile, paravalvular complications, valve perforation, systemic embolization, stroke, Staphylococcus aureus infection, and congestive heart failure. Of the 1552 patients with NVE, 720 (46%) underwent early surgery and 832 (54%) were treated with medical therapy. Compared with medical therapy, early surgery was associated with a significant reduction in mortality in the overall cohort (12.1% [87/720] versus 20.7% [172/832]) and after propensity-based matching and adjustment for survivor bias (absolute risk reduction [ARR] –5.9%, P<0.001). With a combined instrument, the instrumental-variable–adjusted ARR in mortality associated with early surgery was –11.2% (P<0.001). In subgroup analysis, surgery was found to confer a survival benefit compared with medical therapy among patients with a higher propensity for surgery (ARR –10.9% for quintiles 4 and 5, P=0.002) and those with paravalvular complications (ARR –17.3%, P<0.001), systemic embolization (ARR –12.9%, P=0.002), S aureus NVE (ARR –20.1%, P<0.001), and stroke (ARR –13%, P=0.02) but not those with valve perforation or congestive heart failure.

Conclusions— Early surgery for NVE is associated with an in-hospital mortality benefit compared with medical therapy alone.

  X Huang , Q Feng , Q Qian , Q Zhao , L Wang , A Wang , J Guan , D Fan , Q Weng , T Huang , G Dong , T Sang and B. Han

The next-generation sequencing technology coupled with the growing number of genome sequences opens the opportunity to redesign genotyping strategies for more effective genetic mapping and genome analysis. We have developed a high-throughput method for genotyping recombinant populations utilizing whole-genome resequencing data generated by the Illumina Genome Analyzer. A sliding window approach is designed to collectively examine genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphisms for genotype calling and recombination breakpoint determination. Using this method, we constructed a genetic map for 150 rice recombinant inbred lines with an expected genotype calling accuracy of 99.94% and a resolution of recombination breakpoints within an average of 40 kb. In comparison to the genetic map constructed with 287 PCR-based markers for the rice population, the sequencing-based method was ~20x faster in data collection and 35x more precise in recombination breakpoint determination. Using the sequencing-based genetic map, we located a quantitative trait locus of large effect on plant height in a 100-kb region containing the rice "green revolution" gene. Through computer simulation, we demonstrate that the method is robust for different types of mapping populations derived from organisms with variable quality of genome sequences and is feasible for organisms with large genome sizes and low polymorphisms. With continuous advances in sequencing technologies, this genome-based method may replace the conventional marker-based genotyping approach to provide a powerful tool for large-scale gene discovery and for addressing a wide range of biological questions.

  M Arabkhari , S Bunda , Y Wang , A Wang , A. V Pshezhetsky and A. Hinek

We recently established that the subunit of cell surface-residing elastin receptor, neuraminidase-1 (Neu1), can desialylate adjacent insulin-like growth factor 1 receptors (IGF-1R) of arterial smooth muscle cells, thereby quenching their proliferative response to insulin-like growth factor II. In this study, we explored whether Neu1 would also desialylate the insulin receptors (IR), as well as the IGF-1R on rat skeletal L6 myoblasts, and whether desialylation of IR and IGF-1R would affect a net proliferative effect of insulin. First, we found that physiological (0.5–1 nM) and high therapeutic (10 nM) insulin concentrations induced a modest increase in proliferation rate of cultured L6 myoblasts. While IR kinase inhibitor could abolish the mitogenic effect of these insulin concentrations, the observed more pronounced proliferative response to supraphysiological concentration (100 nM) of insulin could be eliminated only by specific inhibition of IGF-1R. Then, we found that treatment of L6 cells with mouse-derived Neu1 or with Clostridium perfringens neuraminidase caused desialylation of IR, which coincided with a significant increase of their proliferative response to lower (0.5–10 nM) concentrations of insulin. In contrast, experimental desialylation of IGF-1R coincided with elimination of the heightened proliferative response of L6 myoblasts to 100 nM insulin. Importantly, we also found that inhibition of endogenous Neu1 abolished the increase in proliferation of L6 cells induced by 1 and 10 nM of insulin, but amplified the proliferative effect of 100 nM insulin. We therefore conclude that desialylation of both IR and IGF-1R by Neu1 controls the net proliferative response of skeletal myoblasts to insulin.

  S Laing , G Wang , T Briazova , C Zhang , A Wang , Z Zheng , A Gow , A. F Chen , S Rajagopalan , L. C Chen , Q Sun and K. Zhang

Recent studies have suggested a link between inhaled particulate matter (PM) exposure and increased mortality and morbidity associated with pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases. However, a precise understanding of the biological mechanism underlying PM-associated toxicity and pathogenesis remains elusive. Here, we investigated the impact of PM exposure in intracellular stress signaling pathways with animal models and cultured cells. Inhalation exposure of the mice to environmentally relevant fine particulate matter (aerodynamic diameter < 2.5 µm, PM2.5) induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and activation of unfolded protein response (UPR) in the lung and liver tissues as well as in the mouse macrophage cell line RAW264.7. Ambient PM2.5 exposure activates double-strand RNA-activated protein kinase-like ER kinase (PERK), leading to phosphorylation of translation initiation factor eIF2 and induction of C/EBP homologous transcription factor CHOP/GADD153. Activation of PERK-mediated UPR pathway relies on the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and is critical for PM2.5-induced apoptosis. Furthermore, PM2.5 exposure can activate ER stress sensor IRE1, but it decreases the activity of IRE1 in splicing the mRNA encoding the UPR trans-activator X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1). Together, our study suggests that PM2.5 exposure differentially activates the UPR branches, leading to ER stress-induced apoptosis through the PERK-eIF2-CHOP UPR branch. This work provides novel insights into the cellular and molecular basis by which ambient PM2.5 exposure elicits its cytotoxic effects that may be related to air pollution-associated pathogenesis.

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