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Articles by A Wagner
Total Records ( 2 ) for A Wagner
  B. H King , E Hollander , L Sikich , J. T McCracken , L Scahill , J. D Bregman , C. L Donnelly , E Anagnostou , K Dukes , L Sullivan , D Hirtz , A Wagner , L Ritz and for the STAART Psychopharmacology Network
 

Context  Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are widely prescribed for children with autism spectrum disorders.

Objectives  To determine the efficacy and safety of citalopram hydrobromide therapy for repetitive behavior in children with autism spectrum disorders.

Design  National Institutes of Health–sponsored randomized controlled trial.

Setting  Six academic centers, including Mount Sinai School of Medicine, North Shore–Long Island Jewish Health System, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of California at Los Angeles, Yale University, and Dartmouth Medical School.

Participants  One hundred forty-nine volunteers 5 to 17 years old (mean [SD] age, 9.4 [3.1] years) were randomized to receive citalopram (n = 73) or placebo (n = 76). Participants had autistic spectrum disorders, Asperger disorder, or pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified; had illness severity ratings of at least moderate on the Clinical Global Impressions, Severity of Illness Scale; and scored at least moderate on compulsive behaviors measured with the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scales modified for pervasive developmental disorders.

Interventions  Twelve weeks of citalopram hydrobromide (10 mg/5 mL) or placebo. The mean (SD) maximum dosage of citalopram hydrobromide was 16.5 (6.5) mg/d by mouth (maximum, 20 mg/d).

Main Outcome Measures  Positive response was defined by a score of much improved or very much improved on the Clinical Global Impressions, Improvement subscale. An important secondary outcome was the score on the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scales modified for pervasive developmental disorders. Adverse events were systematically elicited using the Safety Monitoring Uniform Report Form.

Results  There was no significant difference in the rate of positive response on the Clinical Global Impressions, Improvement subscale between the citalopram-treated group (32.9%) and the placebo group (34.2%) (relative risk, 0.96; 95% confidence interval, 0.61-1.51; P > .99). There was no difference in score reduction on the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scales modified for pervasive developmental disorders from baseline (mean [SD], –2.0 [3.4] points for the citalopram-treated group and –1.9 [2.5] points for the placebo group; P = .81). Citalopram use was significantly more likely to be associated with adverse events, particularly increased energy level, impulsiveness, decreased concentration, hyperactivity, stereotypy, diarrhea, insomnia, and dry skin or pruritus.

Conclusion  Results of this trial do not support the use of citalopram for the treatment of repetitive behavior in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders.

Trial Registration  clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00086645

  H. v Korn , J Yu , M. A Ohlow , B Huegl , W Schulte , A Wagner , G Wassmer , S Gruene , O Petek and B. Lauer
 

Background— Treatment of bifurcations is a complex problem. The clinical value of treating side branches is an unsolved problem in the field of interventional cardiology.

Methods and Results— We initiated a prospective randomized controlled trial. One hundred and ten patients with bifurcations were randomly assigned to 2 arms: Stenting of the main branch (MB, Taxus-stent, paclitaxel-eluting stents) and mandatory side branch (SB) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI; kissing balloons) with provisional SB stenting (therapy A), or stenting of the MB (paclitaxel-eluting stents) with provisional SB-PCI only when the SB had a thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow <2 (therapy B). The primary end point was target lesion revascularization. The mean ages were 66.8 years (A) versus 65.1 years (B, P=0.4), 71.4% (A) versus 77.8% were men (P=0.4), patients with diabetes were present in 25.0% versus 25.9% (P=0.9). The MB was left anterior descending artery in 80.4% versus 81.5% (A versus B, P=0.9). The SB-PCI and kissing balloon-PCI were performed according to the study protocol in 82.1%/73.2% versus 16.7%/13.0% (P<0.05 for both), while changing of the intended therapy was necessary in 17.9% versus 16.7% (A versus B, P=0.9). A final thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow 3 (MB) was reached in all patients (groups A and B), final thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow 3 (SB) was observed in 96.4% versus 88.9% (A versus B, P=0.3). Radiation time (min) and contrast medium (mL) were 14.2/210 (group A) versus 7.8/151.6 (group B; P for both <0.05). Six month – follow up: major adverse cardiac events was 23.2% (A) versus 24.1% (B, P=0.9), target lesion revascularization was 17.9% (A) versus 14.8% (B, P=0.7), and late lumen loss (MB) was 0.2 mm (A) versus 0.3 mm (B, P=0.5). In group B, no PCI of the SB was done during follow up.

Conclusion— A simple strategy using paclitaxel-eluting stents with only provisional SB-PCI may be of equal value to a more complex strategy with mandatory SB-PCI.

Clinical Trial Registration— URL: http://www.controlled.trials.com. Unique identifier: ISRCTN22637771.

 
 
 
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