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Articles by A Suzuki
Total Records ( 5 ) for A Suzuki
  H Uto Kondo , M Ayaori , M Ogura , K Nakaya , M Ito , A Suzuki , S. i Takiguchi , E Yakushiji , Y Terao , H Ozasa , T Hisada , M Sasaki , F Ohsuzu and K. Ikewaki
 

Rationale: Association of habitual coffee consumption with coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality has not been established. We hypothesized that coffee may enhance reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) as the antiatherogenic properties of high-density lipoprotein (HDL).

Objective: This study was to investigate whether the phenolic acids of coffee and coffee regulates RCT from macrophages in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo.

Methods and Results: Caffeic acid and ferulic acid, the major phenolic acids of coffee, enhanced cholesterol efflux from THP-1 macrophages mediated by HDL, but not apoA-I. Furthermore, these phenolic acids increased both the mRNA and protein levels of ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABC)G1 and scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI), but not ABCA1. Eight healthy volunteers were recruited for the ex vivo study, and blood samples were taken before and 30 minutes after consumption of coffee or water in a crossover study. The mRNA as well as protein levels of ABCG1, SR-BI, and cholesterol efflux by HDL were increased in the macrophages differentiated under autologous sera obtained after coffee consumption compared to baseline sera. Finally, effects of coffee and phenolic acid on in vivo RCT were assessed by intraperitoneally injecting [3H]cholesterol-labeled acetyl low-density lipoprotein-loaded RAW264.7 cells into mice, then monitoring appearance of 3H tracer in plasma, liver, and feces. Supporting in vitro and ex vivo data, ferulic acid was found to significantly increase the levels of 3H tracer in feces.

Conclusions: Coffee intake might have an antiatherogenic property by increasing ABCG1 and SR-BI expression and enhancing HDL-mediated cholesterol efflux from the macrophages via its plasma phenolic acids.

  S Kimura , T Kakuta , T Yonetsu , A Suzuki , Y Iesaka , H Fujiwara and M. Isobe
 

Background— Atherosclerotic plaque that shows echo signal attenuation (EA) without associated bright echoes is sometimes observed by intravascular ultrasound but its clinical significance remains unclear. We investigated the impact of EA on coronary perfusion and evaluated the pathological features of plaque with EA.

Methods and Results— We studied 687 native coronary lesions in 687 consecutive patients (336 with acute coronary syndrome and 351 with stable angina pectoris) who underwent intravascular ultrasound before percutaneous coronary intervention. By subgroup analysis, 60 lesions (30 lesions with EA) treated with directional coronary atherectomy underwent pathological examination. The Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade and myocardial blush grade after percutaneous coronary intervention were compared between lesions with and without EA in 627 lesions except directional coronary atherectomy subgroup. EA was observed in 245 lesions (35.7%), and coronary flow after percutaneous coronary intervention was worse for lesions with EA than without (final TIMI grade of 0 to 2: 15.4% versus 2.4%, P<0.001; final myocardial blush grade of 0 to 2: 45.6% versus 21.4%, P<0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed a significant association between no reflow (TIMI grade 0 to 2) and EA (odds ratio, 5.59; 95% CI, 2.64 to 11.85; P<0.001), a baseline TIMI grade of 0 to 2 (odds ratio, 5.91; 95% CI, 2.79 to 12.5; P<0.001), and a large reference area (odds ratio, 3.08; 95% CI, 1.40 to 6.76; P=0.005) after controlling for other associated factors. Pathological examination revealed a significantly higher frequency of lipid-rich plaque with microcalcification in lesions with EA.

Conclusions— Atherosclerotic plaque with EA showed a significant association with no reflow after percutaneous coronary intervention, suggesting the existence of fragile components susceptible to distal embolization.

  H Nozaki , M Yanagida , K. i Koide , K Shiotani , M Kinoshita , Y Kobayashi , S Watarai , K Nakamura , A Suzuki , T Ariga and Y. Kushi
 

We have established hybridoma cell lines producing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) directed to N-acetylglucosaminylβ1-3galactose (GlcNAcβ1-3Gal) residue by immunizing BALB/c mice with lactotriaosylceramide (Lc3Cer). These obtained hybridoma cells, specific to Lc3Cer, were dual immunoglobulin (Ig)-producing cells which secreted both IgM and IgG molecules as antibodies. The established mAbs are able to react with not only Lc3Cer but also GlcNAcβ1-3-terminal glycosphingolipids (GSLs) despite branching or lactosamine chain lengths and human transferrin with terminal GlcNAc residues. Comparison of the variable regions of the cloned IgM and IgG by reversed transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis confirmed that the variable regions determine the specificity, the other amino acids are conserved, and these mAbs are encoded by J558 and V-21family genes. Furthermore, we have analyzed the expression of GSLs with GlcNAcβ1-3 epitope in acute leukemia cell lines and mouse fetal tissues using these mAbs, in which antigens were distributed comparatively. These mAbs are useful for studying the precise distribution of GlcNAcβ1-3Gal-terminating GSL expression in tissues as well as for detecting GSLs carrying terminal GlcNAcβ1-3Gal carbohydrate structure.

  T Shibata , S Nagao , H Tai , S Nagatomo , H Hamada , H Yoshikawa , A Suzuki and Y. Yamamoto
 

Human adult haemoglobin (Hb A), a tetrameric oxygen transfer haemoprotein, has been recognized as an excellent model for investigating the structure–function relationships in allosteric proteins, and has been characterized exhaustively from both experimental and theoretical aspects. Despite the detailed structural and spectroscopic information available for the protein, functional properties have not been as fully elucidated as expected, and hence have remained unexplored. A major drawback for the functional characterization of Hb A is the lack of experimental techniques which enable quantitative characterization of functional properties of the individual subunits of the intact protein. In this study, we have developed techniques for determining the equilibrium constant of the acid–alkaline transition, usually represented as the ‘pKa’ value, in the individual subunits of the met-forms of Hb A (metHb A) and human foetal haemoglobin (metHb F). The pKa values of the individual subunits of metHb A and metHb F have been shown to constitute novel and highly sensitive probes for characterizing the effects of structural changes of not only the interfaces between the subunits within the protein, but also the contact between haem and the protein in the haem pocket. In addition, haem replacement studies of the proteins revealed that the contact between the haem peripheral vinyl side chain and the protein in the haem pocket is important for maintaining the non-equivalence in the haem environment between the subunits of Hb A and Hb F, which could be relevant to the cooperative ligand binding of the proteins.

  M Amano , A Suzuki , T Hori , C Backer , K Okawa , I. M Cheeseman and T. Fukagawa
 

The constitutive centromere-associated network (CCAN) proteins are central to kinetochore assembly. To define the molecular architecture of this critical kinetochore network, we sought to determine the full complement of CCAN components and to define their relationships. This work identified a centromere protein S (CENP-S)–containing subcomplex that includes the new constitutive kinetochore protein CENP-X. Both CENP-S– and CENP-X–deficient chicken DT40 cells are viable but show abnormal mitotic behavior based on live cell analysis. Human HeLa cells depleted for CENP-X also showed mitotic errors. The kinetochore localization of CENP-S and -X is abolished in CENP-T– or CENP-K–deficient cells, but reciprocal experiments using CENP-S–deficient cells did not reveal defects in the localization of CCAN components. However, CENP-S– and CENP-X–deficient cells show a significant reduction in the size of the kinetochore outer plate. In addition, we found that intrakinetochore distance was increased in CENP-S– and CENP-X–deficient cells. These results suggest that the CENP-S complex is essential for the stable assembly of the outer kinetochore.

 
 
 
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