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Articles by A Singh Manoux
Total Records ( 2 ) for A Singh Manoux
  J. E Ferrie , A Singh Manoux , A Shortt , P Martikainen , J Head , M Marmot , D Gimeno , R De Vogli , M Elovainio and M. J Shipley
 

Background Little is known about the associations between non-response to follow-up surveys and mortality, or differences in these associations by socioeconomic position in studies with repeat data collections.

Methods The Whitehall II study of socioeconomic inequalities in health provided response status from five data collection surveys; Phase 1 (1985–88, n = 10 308), Phase 5 (1997–99, n = 6533), and all-cause mortality to 2006. Odd-numbered phases included a medical examination in addition to a questionnaire.

Results Non-response to baseline and to follow-up phases that included a medical examination was associated with a doubling of the mortality hazard in analyses adjusted for age and sex. Compared with complete responders, responders who missed one or more phases, but completed the last possible phase before they died, had a 38% excess risk of mortality. However, those who missed one or more phases including the last possible phase before death had an excess risk of 127%. There was no evidence that these associations differed by socioeconomic position.

Conclusion In studies with repeat data collections, non-response to follow-up is associated with the same doubling of the mortality risk as non-response to baseline; an association that is not modified by socioeconomic position.

  M Kivimaki , G. D Batty , A Singh Manoux , H Nabi , S Sabia , A. G Tabak , T. N Akbaraly , J Vahtera , M. G Marmot and M. Jokela
 

Background

Prospective data on the association between common mental disorders and obesity are scarce, and the impact of ageing on this association is poorly understood.

Aims

To examine the association between common mental disorders and obesity (body mass index >=30 kg/m2) across the adult life course.

Method

The participants, 6820 men and 3346 women, aged 35–55 were screened four times during a 19-year follow-up (the Whitehall II study). Each screening included measurements of mental disorders (the General Health Questionnaire), weight and height.

Results

The excess risk of obesity in the presence of mental disorders increased with age (P = 0.004). The estimated proportion of people who were obese was 5.7% at age 40 both in the presence and absence of mental disorders, but the corresponding figures were 34.6% and 27.1% at age 70. The excess risk did not vary by gender or according to ethnic group or socioeconomic position.

Conclusions

The association between common mental disorders and obesity becomes stronger at older ages.

 
 
 
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