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Articles by A Ortiz
Total Records ( 3 ) for A Ortiz
  M. I Yilmaz , J. J Carrero , A Ortiz , J. L Martin Ventura , A Sonmez , M Saglam , H Yaman , M Yenicesu , J Egido and L. M. Blanco Colio

Background and objectives: Recently, we showed that soluble TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (sTWEAK) plasma levels are diminished in hemodialysis patients and had additive effects with IL-6 on survival. Because sTWEAK plasma level has been associated with the presence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease, we hypothesized that in patients with CKD, sTWEAK levels may relate to the increased prevalence of endothelial dysfunction that usually accompanies the decline of estimated GFR (eGFR).

Design, setting, participants, & measurements: We studied 295 patients with different stages of nondiabetic CKD (52% male; age 47 ± 12 yr), testing the association between sTWEAK plasma levels and CKD stage and the relationship between flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and sTWEAK concentrations. Fifty-five healthy volunteers (51% male; age 47 ± 11 yr) served as matched control subjects.

Results: A gradual decrease in FMD was observed as eGFR decreased. Compared with healthy control subjects, sTWEAK plasma levels were diminished in all stages of CKD and correlated strongly with eGFR. FMD levels were associated with sTWEAK concentrations in univariate analysis. This association persisted after multivariate adjustment for eGFR levels, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, diastolic BP, and sTWEAK, all of which were found to be significant and independent contributors to FMD.

Conclusions: A decline in eGFR is accompanied by gradual reductions in sTWEAK plasma levels. Because sTWEAK strongly and independently correlated with FMD, our study suggests novel links between sTWEAK and endothelial dysfunction in patients with CKD.

  C Wanner , J. P Oliveira , A Ortiz , M Mauer , D. P Germain , G. E Linthorst , A. L Serra , L Marodi , R Mignani , B Cianciaruso , B Vujkovac , R Lemay , D Beitner Johnson , S Waldek and D. G. Warnock

Background and objectives: These analyses were designed to characterize renal disease progression in untreated adults with Fabry disease.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements: Data from the Fabry Registry for 462 untreated adults (121 men and 341 women) who had at least two estimated GFR (eGFR) values over a span of ≥12 months before starting enzyme replacement therapy were included.

Results: Most men (86 of 121, 71%) had more rapid loss of kidney function than the normal adult population (loss of eGFR > –1 ml/min per 1.73 m2 per year), whereas fewer women (133 of 341, 39%) had rapid loss of kidney function. Patients with rapid progression had significantly higher mean averaged urinary protein to urinary creatinine ratios (UP/Cr) than patients with slower progression (1.5 versus 0.2 for men; 1.4 versus 0.5 for women; P < 0.0001). Patients were grouped into quartiles based on averaged UP/Cr; renal function in men declined more rapidly with higher UP/Cr, with the steepest declines observed in men with UP/Cr > 1.5 (mean eGFR slope, –5.6 ml/min per 1.73 m2 per year; n = 30). eGFR slope declined more slowly in women, with the steepest declines observed in women with UP/Cr > 1.2 (mean eGFR slope, –1.3 ml/min per 1.73 m2 per year; n = 85). Regression models of eGFR slope indicated that UP/Cr is the most important indicator of renal disease progression in adult Fabry patients. In women, lower baseline eGFR and age were also associated with renal disease progression. Women who had clinical events had more rapid loss of kidney function.

Conclusions: Urinary protein excretion is strongly associated with renal disease progression in men and women with Fabry disease.

  B Oqvist , B. M Brenner , J. P Oliveira , A Ortiz , R Schaefer , E Svarstad , C Wanner , K Zhang and D. G. Warnock
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