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Articles by A Miura
Total Records ( 2 ) for A Miura
  M. P Sajan , G Bandyopadhyay , A Miura , M. L Standaert , S Nimal , S. L Longnus , E Van Obberghen , I Hainault , F Foufelle , R Kahn , U Braun , M Leitges and R. V. Farese
 

Activators of 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-β-d-ribofuranoside (AICAR), metformin, and exercise activate atypical protein kinase C (aPKC) and ERK and stimulate glucose transport in muscle by uncertain mechanisms. Here, in cultured L6 myotubes: AICAR- and metformin-induced activation of AMPK was required for activation of aPKC and ERK; aPKC activation involved and required phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1 (PDK1) phosphorylation of Thr410-PKC-; aPKC Thr410 phosphorylation and activation also required MEK1-dependent ERK; and glucose transport effects of AICAR and metformin were inhibited by expression of dominant-negative AMPK, kinase-inactive PDK1, MEK1 inhibitors, kinase-inactive PKC-, and RNA interference (RNAi)-mediated knockdown of PKC-. In mice, muscle-specific aPKC (PKC-) depletion by conditional gene targeting impaired AICAR-stimulated glucose disposal and stimulatory effects of both AICAR and metformin on 2-deoxyglucose/glucose uptake in muscle in vivo and AICAR stimulation of 2-[3H]deoxyglucose uptake in isolated extensor digitorum longus muscle; however, AMPK activation was unimpaired. In marked contrast to AICAR and metformin, treadmill exercise-induced stimulation of 2-deoxyglucose/glucose uptake was not inhibited in aPKC-knockout mice. Finally, in intact rodents, AICAR and metformin activated aPKC in muscle, but not in liver, despite activating AMPK in both tissues. The findings demonstrate that in muscle AICAR and metformin activate aPKC via sequential activation of AMPK, ERK, and PDK1 and the AMPK/ERK/PDK1/aPKC pathway is required for metformin- and AICAR-stimulated increases in glucose transport. On the other hand, although aPKC is activated by treadmill exercise, this activation is not required for exercise-induced increases in glucose transport, and therefore may be a redundant mechanism.

  M Toyofuku , T Kimura , T Morimoto , Y Hayashi , H Ueda , K Kawai , Y Nozaki , S Hiramatsu , A Miura , Y Yokoi , S Toyoshima , H Nakashima , K Haze , M Tanaka , S Take , S Saito , T Isshiki , K Mitsudo and on Behalf of the j Cypher Registry Investigators
 

Background— Long-term outcomes after stenting of an unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) with drug-eluting stents have not been addressed adequately despite the growing popularity of this procedure.

Methods and Results— j-Cypher is a multicenter prospective registry of consecutive patients undergoing sirolimus-eluting stent implantation in Japan. Among 12 824 patients enrolled in the j-Cypher registry, the unadjusted mortality rate at 3 years was significantly higher in patients with ULMCA stenting (n=582) than in patients without ULMCA stenting (n=12 242; 14.6% versus 9.2%, respectively; P<0.0001); however, there was no significant difference between the 2 groups in the adjusted risk of death (hazard ratio 1.23, 95% confidence interval 0.95 to 1.60, P=0.12). Among 476 patients whose ULMCA lesions were treated exclusively with a sirolimus-eluting stent, patients with ostial/shaft lesions (n=96) compared with those with bifurcation lesions (n=380) had a significantly lower rate of target-lesion revascularization for the ULMCA lesions (3.6% versus 17.1%, P=0.005), with similar cardiac death rates at 3 years (9.8% versus 7.6%, P=0.41). Among patients with bifurcation lesions, patients with stenting of both the main and side branches (n=119) had significantly higher rates of cardiac death (12.2% versus 5.5%; P=0.02) and target-lesion revascularization (30.9% versus 11.1%; P<0.0001) than those with main-branch stenting alone (n=261).

Conclusions— The higher unadjusted mortality rate of patients undergoing ULMCA stenting with a sirolimus-eluting stent did not appear to be related to ULMCA treatment itself but rather to the patients’ high-risk profile. Although long-term outcomes in patients with ostial/shaft ULMCA lesions were favorable, outcomes in patients with bifurcation lesions treated with stenting of both the main and side branches appeared unacceptable.

 
 
 
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