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Articles by A Kamei
Total Records ( 2 ) for A Kamei
  A Kamei , Y Watanabe , T Ishijima , M Uehara , S Arai , H Kato , Y Nakai and K. Abe
 

Anemia can be induced by dietary iron deficiency, as well as by hemorrhagia. It may also be associated with changes in lipid metabolism. However, no global analysis detailing the consequences of iron deficiency in the liver has yet been conducted. Since the liver is a metabolically important organ and also a major iron-storing organ, we performed a comprehensive transcriptome analysis to determine the effects of iron deficiency on hepatic gene expression. Four-week-old rats were fed an iron-deficient diet, ~3 ppm iron, ad libitum for 16 days. These rats were compared with similar rats pair-fed a control diet with a normal iron level, 48 ppm iron. The 16-day iron-deficient diet apparently induced anemia. On day 17, the rats were killed under anesthesia, and their livers were dissected for DNA microarray analysis. We identified 600 upregulated and 500 downregulated probe sets that characterized the iron-deficient diet group. In the upregulated probe sets, genes involved in cholesterol, amino acid, and glucose metabolism were significantly enriched, while genes related to lipid metabolism were significantly enriched in the downregulated probe sets. We also found that genes for caspases 3 and 12, which mediate endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-specific apoptosis, were upregulated in the iron-deficient group. Combined, these results suggest that iron deficiency exerts various influences, not only on nutrient metabolism but also on apoptosis, as a consequence of ER stress in the liver.

  H Yanai , K Nakamura , S Hijioka , A Kamei , T Ikari , Y Ishikawa , E Shinozaki , N Mizunuma , K Hatake and A. Miyajima
 

Delta-like 1 protein (Dlk-1), also known as preadipocyte factor 1 (Pref-1), is a transmembrane and secreted protein with epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like repeats. Dlk-1 is known to be expressed in foetal liver, but absent in neonatal and adult liver in mice and rats. Dlk-1 is also expressed in a subpopulation of hepatic oval cells, which are considered as stem/progenitor cells in rat adult liver. In this study, we generated monoclonal antibodies against human Dlk-1 (hDlk-1) and investigated hDlk-1 expression in human liver and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Like rodent livers, hDlk-1 was detected in foetal liver, but not in adult liver. In HCC, hDlk-1 was positive for 20.5% of the cases examined and was localized in both cytoplasm and cell membrane, whereas hDlk-1 was undetected in viral hepatitis, nodular cirrhosis. Interestingly, hDlk-1 positive HCC was found more frequently in younger patients and its expression was correlated with alpha-fetoprotein expression. Furthermore, hDlk-1 was also detected frequently in colon adenocarcinomas (58%), pancreatic islet carcinoma (50%), and small cell lung carcinoma (50%). Thus, hDlk-1 is a cell surface protein expressed in many carcinomas including HCC and may be a potential target for monoclonal antibody therapy for carcinomas.

 
 
 
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