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Articles by A Granata
Total Records ( 2 ) for A Granata
  P Ruggenenti , A Perna , M Tonelli , G Loriga , N Motterlini , N Rubis , F Ledda , S Rota , A Satta , A Granata , G Battaglia , F Cambareri , S David , F Gaspari , N Stucchi , S Carminati , B Ene Iordache , P Cravedi , G Remuzzi and for the ESPLANADE Study Group

Background and objectives: This open, prospective, randomized trial aimed to assess the effects of statins in chronic kidney disease patients on optimized antiproteinuric treatment with combined angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition and angiotensin receptor blockade.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements: After 1-month benazepril therapy followed by 1-month benazepril-valsartan combined therapy (run-in), 186 consenting patients with residual proteinuria >0.5 g/24 h were randomized to 6-month benazepril-valsartan therapy alone or combined with fluvastatin. Between-groups changes in proteinuria (primary outcome), serum lipids, and GFR were compared by ANCOVA. Analyses were blinded and by intention to treat.

Results: During the run-in, proteinuria decreased more on benazepril-valsartan than on benazepril alone. Proteinuria reduction correlated with concomitant reduction in total, LDL, and HDL cholesterol, and apolipoprotein B and apolipoprotein A levels. After randomization, median proteinuria similarly decreased from 1.2 (0.6 to 2.2) to 1.1 (0.5 to 1.7) g/24 h on fluvastatin and from 1.5 (0.8 to 2.7) to 1.0 (0.5 to 2.4) g/24 h on benazapril-valsartan therapy alone. Fluvastatin further reduced total and LDL cholesterol and apolipoprotein B versus benazepril-valsartan alone, but did not affect serum triglycerides and GFR. Treatment was well tolerated.

Conclusions: In chronic kidney disease patients with residual proteinuria despite combined angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and angiotensin receptor blockade therapy, add-on fluvastatin does not affect urinary proteins, but further reduces serum lipids and is safe. Whether combined angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, angiotensin receptor blockade, and statin therapy may improve cardiovascular outcomes in this high-risk population is worth investigating.

  R Mignani , P Preda , A Granata , L Maldini , P De Giovanni , M Montevecchi , A Rigotti and L. Cagnoli

Fabry disease (FD) is a rare X-linked disorder characterized by low or absent activity of the lysosomal enzyme -glycosidase-A that leads to progressive accumulation of glycosphingolipids in different organs and tissues. Clinical manifestations vary from classic to atypical forms characterized by one prevalent organ involvement, and a renal variant has been described in men but not in women. However, little is known about renal manifestation in females affected by FD. We herein report a case of a 22-year-old female with isolated and persistent microalbuminuria as the only sign of FD. In light of the importance of early recognition and treatment of FD organ damage, this case should call for future studies to determine how to assess organ damage, investigate the existence of a ‘renal variant’ in FD female patients and determine when best to start enzyme replacement therapy (ERT).

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