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Articles by A Gastaldelli
Total Records ( 2 ) for A Gastaldelli
  S Bonuccelli , E Muscelli , A Gastaldelli , E Barsotti , B. D Astiarraga , J. J Holst , A Mari and E. Ferrannini

Improved glucose tolerance to sequential glucose loading (Staub-Traugott effect) is an important determinant of day-to-day glycemic exposure. Its mechanisms have not been clearly established. We recruited 17 healthy volunteers to receive two sequential oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs), at time 0 min and 180 min (Study I). The protocol was repeated on a separate day (Study II) except that plasma glucose was clamped at 8.3 mmol/l between 60 and 180 min. β-Cell function was analyzed by mathematical modeling of C-peptide concentrations. In a subgroup, glucose kinetics were measured by a triple-tracer technique (infusion of [6,6-2H2]glucose and labeling of the 2 glucose loads with [1-2H]glucose and [U-13C]glucose). In both Studies I and II, the plasma glucose response to the second OGTT equaled 84 ± 2% (P = 0.003) of the response to the first OGTT. Absolute insulin secretion was lower (37.8 ± 4.3 vs. 42.8 ± 5.1 nmol/m2, P = 0.02), but glucose potentiation (i.e., higher secretion at the same glycemia) was stronger (1.08 ± 0.02- vs. 0.92 ± 0.02-fold, P = 0.006), the increment being higher in Study II (+36 ± 5%) than Study I (+19 ± 6%, P < 0.05). In pooled data, a higher glucose area during the first OGTT was associated with a higher potentiation during the second OGTT (rho=0.60, P = 0.002). Neither insulin clearance nor glucose clearance differed between loads, and appearance of glucose over 3 h totalled 60 ± 6 g for the first load and 52 ± 5 g for the second load (P = not significant). Fasting endogenous glucose production [13.3 ± 0.6 µmol·min–1·kg fat-free mass (FFM)–1] averaged 6.0 ± 3.8 µmol·min–1·kg FFM–1 between 0 and 180 min and 1.7 ± 2.6 between 180 and 360 min (P < 0.03). Glucose potentiation and stronger suppression of endogenous glucose release are the main mechanisms underlying the Staub-Traugott effect.

  S. J Peterson , D. H Kim , M Li , V Positano , L Vanella , L. F Rodella , F Piccolomini , N Puri , A Gastaldelli , C Kusmic , A L'Abbate and N. G. Abraham

We examined mechanisms by which L-4F reduces obesity and diabetes in obese (ob) diabetic mice. We hypothesized that L-4F reduces adiposity via increased pAMPK, pAKT, HO-1, and increased insulin receptor phosphorylation in ob mice. Obese and lean mice were divided into five groups: lean, lean-L-4F-treated, ob, ob-L-4F-treated, and ob-L-4F-LY294002. Food intake, insulin, glucose adipocyte stem cells, pAMPK, pAKT, CB1, and insulin receptor phosphorylation were determined. Subcutaneous (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) were determined by MRI and hepatic lipid content by magnetic resonance spectroscopy. SAT and VAT volumes decreased in ob-L-4F-treated animals compared with control. L-4F treatment decreased hepatic lipid content and increased the numbers of small adipocytes (P < 0.05) and phosphorylation of insulin receptors. L-4F decreased CB1 in SAT and VAT and increased pAKT and pAMPK in endothelium. L-4F-mediated improvement in endothelium was prevented by LY294002. Inhibition of pAKT and pAMPK by LY294002 was associated with an increase in glucose levels. Upregulation of HO-1 by L-4F produced adipose remodeling and increased the number of small differentiated adipocytes. The anti-obesity effects of L-4F are manifested by a decrease in visceral fat content with reciprocal increases in adiponectin, pAMPK, pAKT, and phosphorylation of insulin receptors with improved insulin sensitivity.

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