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Articles by A Corti
Total Records ( 2 ) for A Corti
  S Piaggi , C Raggi , A Corti , E Pitzalis , M. C Mascherpa , M Saviozzi , A Pompella and A. F. Casini
 

Several lines of evidence correlate the overexpression of glutathione S-transferase omega 1-1 (GSTO1-1) with the onset of drug resistance of cancer cells; however, no direct evidence is yet available. In order to investigate the mechanisms involved, stable transfection with GSTO1-1 complementary DNA was performed in HeLa cells, which spontaneously express very low levels of GSTO1-1. When transfected cells were seeded at low density, a sharp increase in GSTO1-1 expression was observed as compared with controls, along with an increased resistance against cisplatin cytotoxicity. When seeded at increasing densities, control untransfected cells also presented with an increase in GSTO1-1 expression, again accompanied by cisplatin resistance; the latter was significantly reduced after transfection with GSTO1-1 small interfering RNA. Cisplatin resistance of transfected cells was not accounted for by changes in the intracellular drug concentration nor in the amount of DNA cross-links or content of glutathione. Rather, transfected cells presented with a marked decrease of apoptosis as compared with controls, suggesting that GSTO1-1 overexpression may prevent cisplatin toxicity by interfering with the apoptotic process. Cisplatin treatment was in fact followed at early times (1–2 h) by activation of both Akt kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-1/2 in the transfected cells but not in controls. Conversely, in transfected cells, the strong activation of Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)-1 induced by cisplatin at later times (10–20 h) was completely prevented. In conclusion, GSTO1-1 overexpression appears to be associated with activation of survival pathways (Akt and ERK1/2) and inhibition of apoptotic pathways (JNK1), as well as protection against cisplatin-induced apoptosis.

  S. M Vaingankar , Y Li , A Corti , N Biswas , J Gayen , D. T O'Connor and S. K. Mahata
 

Chromogranin A (CHGA) plays a catalytic role in formation of catecholamine storage vesicles and also serves as precursor to the peptide fragment catestatin, a catecholamine secretory inhibitor whose expression is diminished in the hypertensive individuals. We previously reported the hypertensive, hyperadrenergic phenotype of Chga–/– knockout (KO) mice and rescue by the human ortholog. In the present study, we compare two humanized CHGA mouse models. Into the Chga null background, by bacterial artificial chromosome transgenesis human CHGA transgene has been introduced. Both lines have the complete ~12 kbp CHGA gene integrated stably in the genome but have substantial differences in CHGA expression, as well as consequent sympathochromaffin biochemistry and physiology. A mouse model with longer-insert HumCHGA31 displays integration encompassing not only CHGA but also long human flanking sequences. This is in contrast to mouse model HumCHGA19 with limited flanking human sequence co-integrated. As a consequence, HumCHGA19 mice have normal though diminished pattern of spatial expression of CHGA, and 14-fold lower circulating CHGA, with failure to rescue KO phenotypes to normalcy. In the longer-insert HumCHGA31 mice, catecholamine secretion, exaggerated responses to environmental stress, and hypertension were all alleviated. Promoter regions of the transgenes in both HumCHGA19 and HumCHGA31 display minimal CpG methylation, weighing against differential "position effects" of integration, and thus suggesting that lack of cis elements required for optimal CHGA expression occurs in HumCHGA19 mice. Such "humanized" CHGA mouse models may be useful in probing the physiological consequences of variation in CHGA expression found in humans, with consequences for susceptibility to hypertension and cardiovascular disease.

 
 
 
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