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Articles by A Baruchel
Total Records ( 2 ) for A Baruchel
  I. H. I. M Hollink , M. M van den Heuvel Eibrink , M Zimmermann , B. V Balgobind , S. T. C. J. M Arentsen Peters , M Alders , A Willasch , G. J. L Kaspers , J Trka , A Baruchel , S. S. N de Graaf , U Creutzig , R Pieters , D Reinhardt and C. M. Zwaan
 

Wilms tumor 1 (WT1) mutations have recently been identified in approximately 10% of adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with normal cytogenetics (CN-AML) and are associated with poor outcome. Using array-based comparative genome hybridization in pediatric CN-AML samples, we detected a WT1 deletion in one sample. The other WT1 allele was mutated. This prompted us to further investigate the role of WT1 aberrations in childhood AML. Mutations were found in 35 of 298 (12%) diagnostic pediatric AML samples. In 19 of 35 (54%) samples, more than one WT1 aberration was found: 15 samples had 2 different mutations, 2 had a homozygous mutation, and 2 had a mutation plus a WT1 deletion. WT1 mutations clustered significantly in the CN-AML subgroup (22%; P < .001) and were associated with FLT3/ITD (43 vs 17%; P < .001). WT1 mutations conferred an independent poor prognostic significance (WT1 mutated vs wild-type patients: 5-year probability of overall survival [pOS] 35% vs 66%, P = .002; probability of event-free survival 22% vs 46%, P < .001; and cumulative incidence of relapse or regression 70% vs 44%, P < .001). Patients with both a WT1 mutation and a FLT3/ITD had a dismal prognosis (5-year pOS 21%). WT1 mutations occur at a significant rate in childhood AML and are a novel independent poor prognostic marker.

  S Kusy , B Gerby , N Goardon , N Gault , F Ferri , D Gerard , F Armstrong , P Ballerini , J. M Cayuela , A Baruchel , F Pflumio and P. H. Romeo
 

TAL1 (also known as SCL) is expressed in >40% of human T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (T-ALLs). TAL1 encodes a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that can interfere with the transcriptional activity of E2A and HEB during T cell leukemogenesis; however, the oncogenic pathways directly activated by TAL1 are not characterized. In this study, we show that, in human TAL1–expressing T-ALL cell lines, TAL1 directly activates NKX3.1, a tumor suppressor gene required for prostate stem cell maintenance. In human T-ALL cell lines, NKX3.1 gene activation is mediated by a TAL1–LMO–Ldb1 complex that is recruited by GATA-3 bound to an NKX3.1 gene promoter regulatory sequence. TAL1-induced NKX3.1 activation is associated with suppression of HP1- (heterochromatin protein 1 ) binding and opening of chromatin on the NKX3.1 gene promoter. NKX3.1 is necessary for T-ALL proliferation, can partially restore proliferation in TAL1 knockdown cells, and directly regulates miR-17-92. In primary human TAL1-expressing leukemic cells, the NKX3.1 gene is expressed independently of the Notch pathway, and its inactivation impairs proliferation. Finally, TAL1 or NKX3.1 knockdown abrogates the ability of human T-ALL cells to efficiently induce leukemia development in mice. These results suggest that tumor suppressor or oncogenic activity of NKX3.1 depends on tissue expression.

 
 
 
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