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Total Records ( 1396 ) for
  B.O. Akinyele and
  A taxonomic study based on floral features was carried out on four Nigerian species of Aloe, namely A. schweinfurthii, A. macrocarpa var major, A. keayi and A. buettneri. At anthesis, 12 floral characters of each species were investigated using the completely randomized design. The features investigated are number of flowers per reproductive shoot, pedicel length, bract length, tepal length, filament length, style length, anther length, anther width, ovary length, ovary diameter, stigma length and stigma width. Number of flowers per reproductive shoot was counted while the other characters were measured with a ruler graduated in centimeters and millimeters. Means of counts and measurements were determined, subjected to analysis of variance and separated using Duncanís Multiple Range Test. Available information provided sufficient evidence to justify the existing taxonomy of Nigerian Aloe.
 
 
 
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  Weidong Fan , Zhengchun Lin , , Youyi Li and Mingchuan Zhang
  In this paper, the flow field characteristics of over fired air (OFA) for novel low NOx pulverized coal combustion technology are studied. The research was conducted with a 300 MWe tangential firing boiler that was adapted for this technology, and a three-dimensional particle-dynamics anemometer (PDA) was employed on the model to measure the characteristics of gas flow in the burnout area and gas/particle flows under the front panel superheater. The impact of a positive offset at 15°, counter offset at 15° and design case without an offset the OFA relative to the direction of the secondary air jet in the main combustion were considered. With different OFA offsets, the deflection characteristics, the velocity and root mean square (RMS) fluctuation velocity of OFA jet are obtained, as well as the gas/particle flows characteristics under the front panel superheater. The results show that, with a positive offset, an over-large tangential circle is formed, which produces slagging and temp-bias under the panel superheater. However, with a counter offset, the OFA is sent into the center of the chamber, and the particle is forced to the water wall. Compared with the other two conditions and combined with the counterflow of primary air, OFA without an offset for the jet contains a proper tangential circle, strong inflexibility and turbulence, which prevents slagging and burn out.
 
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Mapping of Protected Forests and Cultivated Area in North Luwu South Sulawesi, Indonesia “Published in Asian Journal of Applied Sciences 9 (4): 189-195, 2016"

Author regretted that the errors by author were found into this article. Some results are reported incorrectly in the original article. Corrections are shown in bold. The original article is the result of the development of the previous article entitled “Mapping Protected and Cultivation Zone in North Luwu, South Sulawesi, Indonesia, compiled by Maru et al.24
In Materials and Methods section Page 190-191:

Addition to materials that were used in this study were Landsat image (2014)
The word “Grade” in Table 1 is changed to be Gradient
The sources of Table 1, 2, 3 and 4 in the original article are “Rahim8” changed to be Ministry of Forestry Decree6
The word “latosol” in Table 2 is changed to be Litosol
The word “hari” in Table 2 is changed to be day

In Results Page 193:

The sources of Table 5 in the original article are “Results of the data analysis, 2015,” changed to: Maru et al.25
The sources of Table 6 in the original article are: “Department of Forestry, 2016” in original article, changed to be: The result of data processing of Forest Statistics 2008-2014
The word “Luwu Utara” in the original article was changed to be: North Luwu

In Discussion page 194, In the discussion section, the following text appears “Based on analysis result which mentioned that after scored each data such as morphology, soil type and daily rainfall. Having obtanined, if in this area (North Luwu) has three zone namely protected, buffer and cultivation zone (Fig. 4, Table 5).” This should read:

“Based on the results of satellite image analysis in 2014 together with thematic map data such as morphological data, soil type and daily rainfall, indicate that in North Luwu region has three zones namely protected zone, buffer and cultivation (Fig. 4, Table 5). Changes in land use in North Luwu for 2 years from 2012 to 2014 showed no significant change. This is indicated by the results of the study by Maru et al.25 obtained through image-processing 2012.”
The word “Anonymous6” in the discussion section is changed to be Ministry of Forestry Decree6.

In Acknowledgment page 195:

The word “Enrekang” in the original article was changed to be North Luwu.

In References page 195:

The word “Anonymous” in the reference No. 6 was changed to be Ministry of Forestry Decree.

Additional references:

24. Maru, R., M.R. Abidin, Amal, I. Abbas and Suprapta, 2015. Mapping protected and cultivation zone in North Luwu, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Proceedings of the International Conference on Statistics, Mathematics, Teaching and Research, October 9-10, 2015, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia, pp: 753-760.
25. Maru, R., M. Rais, I. Silviani, Uca and Amal, 2015. Arahan pemanfaatan lahan di Kabupaten Luwu Urata. J. Sains Teknologi, 9: 81-90.
 
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  The contamination influences the corona performance of transmission line insulator strings much. In terms of the corona-originated voltage, as well as the quantity and amplitude of the corona pulses, this paper describes the experiment on the corona current at various contaminated condition and voltage. The experimental results show that the corona pulses conform to statistic rule and can be used to distinguish the fault insulators from transmission line insulator strings in the definite environmental condition. The corona probability formulas are studied out according to the results. They can be used as one of the criterions to detect the fault insulators.
 
  This study presents the optimum financial index classification model that minimizes the pattern classification risk by designing and comparing various statistical and artificial intelligence models for classifying KOSPI200 (Korea Composite Stock Price Index 200) patterns. The models used for the experiment include Logistic Regression Analysis, Discriminant Analysis, Neural Network, and the Support Vector Machine which is in the latest spotlight. The simulation was performed by designing the models that create the binary classification of the next day pattern (up/down) from the daily closing value of KOSPI200 and then comparing their performance to present the best financial index pattern classification model. The Neural Network used back propagation algorithm, and the kernel for SVM used the polynomial and RBF functions. T-test and then the logistic regression analysis were performed to select the variables in two phases. The simulation showed that SVM with RBF kernel function resulted in the lowest misclassification rate of 0.36%.
 
  We humans use the decimal code to represent numbers. Digital electronic circuits in computers and calculators use mostly the binary code. Many other special codes are used in digital electronics to represent numbers, letters, punctuation marks and control characters. A common task of decoding from machine language to decimal numbers is encoding. A very common output device to encode English decimal numbers is the seven-segment display. In this study a 12-segment display is proposed for Persian numeric characters display.
 
 
 
 
 
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  Khairandish P. , Mohraz M. , Farzamfar B. , , Abdollahi M. , Shahhosseiny MH. , Madani H. , Sadeghi B. , Heshmat R. , Gharibdoust F. and Khorram-Khorshid HR.
  Background: A new herbal drug, Setarud (IMODTM) that has been shown to have beneficial immune effects was tested to determine its acute and chronic toxicity in animals and to establish its intravenous form maximum tolerated dose (MTD) in an open-labeled phase I clinical trial.
Methods: BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice and Wistar rats were monitored for general state and biochemical markers for chronic test. At the end of chronic test, animals examined macroscopically and histologically. HIV-infected asymptomatic male patients with CD4 counts more than 200, were enrolled in the trial. Baseline dose was calculated from the 10% lethal dose (LD10) established in laboratory animal studies. Dose escalation was performed in four cohorts of 3 patients receiving IMODTM intravenously at a cohort-specific dose of 2, 4, 6.7, and 10 ml daily for 4 weeks. Patients were clinically examined at days of 1, 2, 3 and then weekly; and the safety was assessed on the basis of reports of adverse events, laboratory-test data and toxicity signs.
Results: LD50 values in acute toxicity test were 42-66 and 50-56 ml/kg in i.m. and i.p. injections, respectively. Total scores of embryotoxicity during pregnancy were significantly lower in the Setarud group (p < 0.05). Pre-implantational deaths in the Setarud group were significantly higher, but post-implantational deaths level was lower than those in the control group. Inhibition of ossification in the skeletons of the fetuses and incidence of still birth were significantly higher while body weight of new-born rats of treatment group in the first month of their lifes were lower than those of the control group.In all four cohorts, there were no major side effects or dose-limiting toxicity, except for a mild sweating and weight loss in two patients from the first group that was reversed without discontinuation of the treatment. No clinically relevant trends in laboratory test results or ECG changes were noted. No adverse effect due to IMODTM was observed at one month of follow-up. Maximum tolerated dose of IMODTM was 10 ml a day.
Conclusion: Results of this study has identified a safe dose of IMODTM that can be used in future clinical trials.
  M. J. Noordzij , D. J. Mulder , P. H. N. Oomen , T. Brouwer , , J. Jager , M. Castro Cabezas , J. D. Lefrandt and A. J. Smit
  Aims  Skin autofluorescence is a non-invasive marker of advanced glycation end product accumulation. In a previous study, skin autofluorescence correlated with and predicted micro- and macrovascular complications in Type 2 diabetes in a primary care setting. The present cross-sectional study aims to confirm the association between skin autofluorescence and diabetic complications in patients with Type 2 diabetes in a multi-centre secondary care setting.

Methods  We analysed 563 subjects with Type 2 diabetes mellitus from five Dutch hospitals.

Results  Median age was 64 years, median duration of diabetes 13 years and median HbA1c 58 mmol/mol (7.5%). Sixty-one per cent of patients had microvascular complications (38% nephropathy, 36% retinopathy, 35% neuropathy) and 42% had macrovascular complications. Median UK Prospective Diabetes Study 10-year risk for coronary events was 19%. Median skin autofluorescence was elevated compared with age-matched healthy control subjects: 2.77 (interquartile range 2.39-3.28) vs. 2.46 (2.08-2.84) arbitrary units. Skin autofluorescence was particularly increased in patients with complications: no complications, median 2.56 (2.26-2.90); microvascular complications, 2.79 (2.38-3.29); macrovascular complications, 2.85 (2.41-3.41); both micro- and macrovascular complications, 2.96 (2.56-3.60) arbitrary units, P < 0.001. Logistic regression analysis showed that age, duration of diabetes, renal function, gender, atrial fibrillation and skin autofluorescence were independently associated with macrovascular complications. Multiple regression analysis identified age, smoking, renal function, macrovascular complications and the number of microvascular complications as the determinants of skin autofluorescence.

Conclusions  This study confirms that skin autofluorescence is increased in patients with Type 2 diabetes in a secondary care setting. Skin autofluorescence was associated with macrovascular complications in patients with diabetes and this association was independent of classical risk factors.

 
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