Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
Zoological Research
Year: 2008  |  Volume: 29  |  Issue: 4  |  Page No.: 386 - 398

Mechanism of βγ-CAT Cell Nuclear Transportation and Selectively Killing of Tumor cells

HE Ying-ying, LIU Shu-bai, QIAN Jin-qiao, LEE Wen-hui and ZHANG Yun    

Abstract: βγ-CAT is a naturally existing protein complex of non-lens βγ-crystallin and trefoil factor, purified from Bombina maxima skin secretions. In HUVECs, βγ-CAT can be rapidly endocytosed via intracellular vacuole formation and translocated to the nucleus to regulate cell fuction. In this paper, we found that it contains conserved Walker B motifs (IILYDEPS, residues 6-13) and Walker A motifs (GQSLSGKS, residues 96-103) in the βγ-CAT α-subunit sequence. βγ-CAT showed potential NTP-binding and weak GTPase/ATPase activities in vitro. Through Western blotting analysis, we found that the α- and β-subunits of βγ-CAT participated in a 150 kDa SDS-stable protein complex formation, which also contained positive ubiquitination signals in the βγ-CAT treated HUVEC. Furthermore,under confocal microscopy, the immunofluorescence signals of ubiquitin and βγ-CAT subunits were co-localized in the vacuoles that were distributed in the cytoplasm and nucleus. In addition, βγ-CAT could induce several tumor cell`s detachment and apoptosis, and selectively kill tumor cells. These findings provide a clue to understand the mechanism of βγ-CAT endocysis and nuclear transport, and give an insight to investigate the possible occurrence of similar molecule’s cellular functions and action mechanisms of non-lens βγ-crystallins and trefoil factors in mammals.

View Fulltext    |   Related Articles   |   Back
   
 
 
 
  Related Articles

No Article Found
 
 
 
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility