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Veterinary Research
Year: 2011  |  Volume: 4  |  Issue: 3  |  Page No.: 61 - 65

Recovery of Indian Bison Type Genotype of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis from Wild Bison (Bos gourus) in India

S.V. Singh, A.V. Singh, P.K. Singh, B. Singh, A.S. Ranjendran and N. Swain    

Abstract: Study aimed to recover and genotype Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis isolates from free-ranging wild bison (Bos gourus) found in the Nilgiri hills of Kodai Kanal region of Tamil Nadu (South India). Of the 13 fecal samples screened for the presence of MAP infection, 6 (46.1%) and 8 (61.8%) were positive in microscopic examination and culture, respectively. Further characterization and genotyping of cultures, using IS900 PCR and IS1311 PCR-REA, study first time revealed presence of Indian Bison Type genotype in the bison population of India. More studies may provide link on the evolution of Indian Bison Type genotype which has been widely reported from domestic ruminants in India. Control of MAP infection in bison will be crucial to check transmission to domestic ruminants and conserve fast dwindling population of wild in India.

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