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Veterinary Research
Year: 2007  |  Volume: 1  |  Issue: 3  |  Page No.: 57 - 60

Chemical Analysis of Urinary Constituents in Cattle Presented for Slaughter at Zaria Abattoir

S. Adamu, I.T. Adebayo, N.M. Useh, M. Bisalla, S.J. Sambo and K.A.N. Esievo    

Abstract: In a study to determine the occurrence evidences of impairment of kidney function in cattle, urine specimens were collected from 135 emaciated cattle, made up of 70 bulls and 65 cows and analyzed chemically for urinary constituents using reagents strip. Results obtained indicated that abnormal values of pH, glucose, bilirubin, specific gravity, erythrocyte, protein, Urobilinogen, nitrite, leukocyte and ketones occurred at prevalence rates of 10.4, 3.7, 15.6, 27.4, 11.1, 30.4, 1.5, 14.1, 13.3 and 20%, respectively. Abnormal values of these parameters were found to occur more in the males than in females except for values of glucose, specific gravity and ketones in which the reverse was the case. It was recommended from this study, that since the abnormal values of most of the constituents evaluated in the urine of these animals were suggestive of the existence of disorders that could impair with renal function, an in-depth study to identify the specific disorders and their aetiologic factors be conducted so that effective control and preventive measures could be designed and effected to curtail the menace of the diseases in cattle livestock.

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