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Thin Solid Films

Year: 2010  |  Volume: 518  |  Issue: 15  |  Page No.: 4403 - 4407

Photo/electroluminescence properties of an europium (III) complex doped in 4,4′ -N,N′ -dicarbazole-biphenyl matrix

Yong-Hui Zhou, Liang Zhou, Hong-Yan Li, You-Xuan Zheng, Xiao-Zeng You, Hong-Jie Zhang and Jing Wu

Abstract

The photoluminescence properties of one europium complex Eu(TFNB)3Phen (TFNB = 4,4,4-trifluoro-1-(naphthyl)-1,3-butanedione, Phen = 1,10-phenanthroline) doped in a hole-transporting material CBP (4,4′-N,N′-dicarbazole-biphenyl) films were studied. A series of organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) using Eu(TFNB)3Phen as the emitter were fabricated with a multilayer structure of indium tin oxide, 250Ω/square)/TPD (N,N′-diphenyl-N,N′-bis(3-methyllphenyl)-(1,1′-biphenyl)-4,4′-diamine, 50 nm)/Eu(TFNB)3phen (x): CBP (4,4′-N,N′-dicarbazole-biphenyl, 45 nm)/BCP (2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-l,10 phenanthroline, 20 nm)/AlQ (tris(8-hydroxy-quinoline) aluminium, 30 nm)/LiF (1 nm)/Al (100 nm), where x is the weight percentage of Eu(TFNB)3phen doped in the CBP matrix (1-6%). A red emission at 612 nm with a half bandwidth of 3 nm, characteristic of Eu(III) ion, was observed with all devices. The device with a 3% dopant concentration shows the maximum luminance up to 1169 cd/m2 (18 V) and the device with a 5% dopant concentration exhibits a current efficiency of 4.46 cd/A and power efficiency of 2.03 lm/W. The mechanism of the electroluminescence was also discussed.

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