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Thin Solid Films
Year: 2010  |  Volume: 518  |  Issue: 15  |  Page No.: 4100 - 4105

Cyclic voltammetry and impedance studies of electrodeposited polypyrrole nanoparticles doped with 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid sodium salt

Sh. M. Ebrahim, M.M. Abd-El Latif, A.M. Gad and M.M. Soliman    

Abstract: Electrochemical synthesis of polypyrrole (PPY), doped with 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid sodium salt (AMPSNa), was carried out using chronoamperometric technique. Cyclic voltammetry measurements showed that the electroactivity of PPY films, doped with AMPSNa, increases with the film thickness. Scanning electron microscopy photographs revealed that the PPY particles are in the nano-scale range and that their size depends on the potential at which the PPY has formed. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), in the potential range of + 1.0 and - 1.0 V, revealed in the PPY film charge transfer domination with a semicircle at high frequencies, and anion diffusion dominance at low frequencies. EIS also showed that the charge transfer resistance of PPY film at - 1.0 V is lower than what is expected and that on increasing the thickness of the PPY films, the overall impedance decreases. The proposed equivalent circuit model, based on the double layer capacity and the Warburg impedance, was replaced by two constant-phase elements to fit the experimental work of this study. The values of the fractional exponent of the first constant phase element at approximately 0.5 indicate that the processes have a diffusion-limited nature.

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