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Trends in Horticultural Research
Year: 2014  |  Volume: 4  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 1 - 19

Silicon: The Most Under-appreciated Element in Horticultural Crops

Sonali Jana and Byoung Ryong Jeong    

Abstract: The most debatable and studied element over decades contributing to the betterment of agricultural as well as horticultural crops is silicon (Si). Soilless cultures used in horticultural plant production are devoid of this under-appreciated element (Si). Supplementation of Si to such crops through sub-irrigation or foliar spray has improved plant architecture. Silicon has been responsible for enhancing growth of various plants by providing mechanical strength on accumulation. Silicon application has been shown to enhance plant metabolism and leaf chlorophyll content and mitigate nutrient imbalance and metal toxicity in plants. It reinforces the plants and makes them tolerant to environmental stresses such as salt, drought and frost and protects them against pathogens and insects. Hence, addition of Si to the nutrient solution of plants has been an added advantage to the horticultural industry. The purpose of this review is to summarize the reports on effects of Si on horticultural crops which will further help to explore these plants to some extent.

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