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The Diabetes Educator
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 35  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 770 - 777

Revisiting the Association Between Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Diabetes: Data From a Large Population-Based Study

K Yang, E. R Chasens, S. M Sereika and L. E. Burke    

Abstract:

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to examine the association between cardiovascular risk factors and the presence of diabetes in a large population-level dataset.

Methods

A secondary analysis was conducted using data from the 2007 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a population-based survey (n = 403,137) conducted in the United States.

Results

The majority of the respondents were middle-aged and overweight. Approximately half of the sample reported little or no physical activity. Estimates from a logistic regression model for a weighted sample of white, black, and Hispanic adults revealed that having hypertension or elevated cholesterol was a strong predictor of diabetes even when controlling for age, gender, race, education, income, body mass index, smoking status, and physical activity.

Conclusions

The results confirmed the importance of diabetes educators counseling patients with hypertension or hypercholesterolemia about their increased risk for developing diabetes.

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