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The Cardiology
Year: 2020  |  Volume: 15  |  Issue: 2  |  Page No.: 6 - 8

Evaluation of Body Mass Index and Blood Pressure Levels Among Healthy Sudanese Adults in Khartoum State

Azza M. Bashir, Ibrahim A. Ali, Mazin S Abdalla and Omer A. Musa    

Abstract: Many previous studies have shown that the blood pressure increased with the increase in body mass index if the normal blood pressure is dependent on body mass index then normal values of blood pressure should be related to BMI and consequently, hypertension classification be revised. In Sudan the reference values of blood pressure is ill defined, so, still international reference values are used despite the differences in ethnicity, life style and nutritional status. This study was designed to establish the relation of normal blood pressure and body mass index among healthy Sudanese adult’s females and males in Khartoum state. A cross sectional study was conducted 2016 in AL Khartoum state on healthy Sudanese adult’s males and females. About 200 participants aged between 20-60 years were assessed by a questionnaires covering their age, gender, smoking history, food habit and amount of salt and physical activity, then the blood pressure was measured by manual sphygmomanometer in a sitting position, height was measured by tape and weight by weight scale, body mass index then calculated by the formula BMI = wt/ht2. Correlation between blood pressure and body mass index was assessed and was taken positive if p value was ≤0.05(was consider to be significant). There is significant correlation between body mass index a nd systolic blood pressure p = 0.01 while for diastolic blood pressure p = 0.05. Females have higher BMI than males, 40% of the females were obese while only 19.4% of male were. Males have higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure than females. The study showed positive correlation between blood pressure and body mass index where there is increased in blood pressure with increased body mass index. Further, studies are recommended to identify the normal blood pressure for every body mass index.

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