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Solid State Sciences
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 11  |  Issue: 7  |  Page No.: 1246 - 1251

Investigating the structure–property relationship of aromatic–aliphatic polyamide/layered silicate hybrid films

Sonia Zulfiqar and Muhammad Ilyas Sarwar    

Abstract: Surface treated montmorillonite was used to prepare nanocomposites with aromatic–aliphatic polyamide by solution intercalation technique. The polyamide chains were produced through polycondensation of 4-aminophenyl sulfone with sebacoyl chloride in dimethyl acetamide. Compatibility between the polymer and organoclay was achieved through carbonyl chloride end-capped amide chains prepared by adding extra sebacoyl chloride near the end of polymerization reaction. The nanocomposites morphology and clay dispersion were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Delaminated and intercalated morphologies were observed for different loading of organoclay. Tensile strength and modulus improved for nanocomposites with optimum organoclay content (10-wt.%). Thermal stability and glass transition temperature of nanocomposites increased relative to pristine polyamide with augmenting organoclay content. Water uptake of these materials decreased as compared to the neat polyamide indicating reduced permeability.

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