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The Social Sciences
Year: 2016  |  Volume: 11  |  Issue: 19  |  Page No.: 4730 - 4733

Remittance in Phenomenology Perspective: A Study of Indonesian Migran Worker (TKI) in Tulungagung, Indonesia

Singgih Susilo    

Abstract: Study on remittances was conducted in Aryojeding village, Districts Tulungagung, East Java. This study has examined the meaning of remittances for Indonesian migrant workers itself, through the perspective of phenomenology. This study aimed to reveal the social context and the meaning of remittances for migrant workers. This study used a qualitative method based on Alfred Schut’s phenomenological perspective which states that the meaning cannot be separated from the “because” motives and “in order to” motives. Indonesian migrant workers who works abroad were research subjects. The data were collected by observation, by participation observation and documentation and by in-depth interviews. Nineteen subjects were determined as a unit of analysis. The study found the social background of the subject: they were in productive age have many brothers and sisters have a low level of education; their parents work as farmers; the female subjects worked as baby sitter and male subjects worked as a construction worker; building contractor; welders; electrical installers and factory worker. Based on the social context (‘because’ motives), the study found three patterns of departure payment, i.e., paid by salary reductions, loans payment and cash payment systems. The study also found three meanings of remittances, i.e., remittances as a substitute family economics as home ownership and as business investment.

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