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The Social Sciences
Year: 2016  |  Volume: 11  |  Issue: 18  |  Page No.: 4574 - 4580

Academic Leadership and Pedagogical Strategies in Malaysian Polytechnic for 21 Century

Hanipah Hussin, Aliza Che Amran, Mohd Ariff Mat Hanafiah, Fadzilah Salim, Adlan Ali, Gede Ananta Pramudya, Mohd Razali Yunos, Noorayisahbe Mohd Yaacob and Mustafa Musa Jaber    

Abstract: Malaysian Polytechnics are read aloud rethinking academic leadership and professional training of academic staffthrough MOHE Strategic Plan from 2007-2020. Academic leadership in technical based is importance to enhance and address their pedagogical issues. The statements of the problem isentire Malaysian polytechnics have to full fill the malaysian polytechnics national agenda during the second phase (2011-2015). Where all academic staff from technical based, need to boost and reinforce their pedagogical strategies and technological instrument in order to convey Malaysian Polytechnicsin to a regional and global exceptional institution in future. The aim of this study are to examine the planning, implementation, the technical content knowledge, learning ability, the usage of the instrumentation to boost learning, the reflective practice among academic staff, attitude toward technical teaching and learning and their leadership and professionalism behavior. Methods inthis study performed two qualitative and quantitative studies. First, at the beginning, there are 120 academic staff from Federal Land Development Authority (FELDA) generationvolunteer in this study and 30 Polytechnics from entire country in Malaysia participated in nationwide surveys. The objective of the survey is to ponder the phenomena and the categories of the problem in teaching and learning. Second, for the qualitative, this study used in-depth interview and participatory dialogue in group interview. The 21 informants with academic leader strengthen data qualitative to be triangulated. About 8 categories and 35 items on teaching and learning from pilot study were used and through Rasch Model the reliability value was 0.96. Finding shows that about 5 categories have been the best practices in teaching and learning among academic staff in Malaysian Polytechnics. There are some barriers to effective Malaysian Polytechnics academic leadership in strategies their pedagogical environment, data shows that 3 categories have been under effective and need more training to address matters such as planning for teaching and learning in Outcome Based Education (OBE) to be a practitioner on reflective practice and doing Continue Quality Improvement (CQI) after teaching and learning. Academic leader in Malaysian Polytechnicsneed to have knowledge about professionalism in teaching and learning and how to be a leader in technical field. For Discussion, effective academic leadership in teaching and learning in Malaysian Polytechnics is in hampered by centralization on curriculum design, conservativeness on teaching and learning, lacking of self knowledge about leadership in teaching and learning. They also are deficient intheir career path.For conclusionsthis study proposed in service training, enhance faculty members to plan some OBE skills, evaluate the reflective practices and CQI, last, self-involvement in participatory decision making within department and also develop a networking withtechnical based universities.

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