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Acta Agriculture Scandinavica Section B-Soil & Plant Science
Year: 2008  |  Volume: 58  |  Issue: 2  |  Page No.: 145 - 153

Effects of fungivorous nematodes on corky root disease of tomato grown in compost-amended soil

M. K. Hasna, J. Lagerlof and B. Ramert    

Abstract: The effect of fungivorous nematodes, Aphelenchus avenae and Aphelenchoides spp., against corky root disease of tomato caused by Pyrenochaeta lycopersici was investigated. Three different greenhouse trials were conducted using soil naturally infested with P. lycopersici, alone or mixed with four different types of compost consisting of green manure, garden waste and horse manure (20% compost by volume). The fungivorous nematodes were propagated in cultures of the fungus Pochonia bulbillosa and inoculated (3 or 23 nematodes ml-1 substrate) into the soil and soil-compost mixtures one day after transplanting of tomato seedlings. Greenhouse experiments were terminated after ten weeks and disease was measured from infected roots after harvesting. Aphelenchus avenae significantly reduced the disease severity when added to infested soil without compost in all experiments. Aphelenchoides spp. did not suppress the disease either in the presence or absence of compost. Among the composts tested, only a garden waste compost was found to be suppressive to the disease. Neither A. avenae nor Aphelenchoides spp. improved the suppressive effect of the compost.

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