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Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 136  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 80 - 85

Ultraviolet-assisted gas sensing: A potential formaldehyde detection approach at room temperature based on zinc oxide nanorods

Liang Peng, Qidong Zhao, Dejun Wang, Jiali Zhai, Ping Wang, Shan Pang and Shan Pang    

Abstract: Zinc oxide nanorods were synthesized using a simple hydrothermal method. Formaldehyde-sensing characteristics were investigated without and with ultraviolet (UV) light irradiation. The gas response of nanorods to 110 ppm formaldehyde with UV light irradiation was about 120 times higher than that without UV light irradiation. The detection limit was as low as 1.8 ppm at room temperature. This high gas response under the UV light is attributed to photocatalytic oxidation. Furthermore, the significant improvements of the selectivity and recovery time were obtained after irradiating the nanorods with UV light. Our results demonstrated that applying UV light irradiation on the zinc oxide nanorods is an effective approach to achieve higher response and excellent selectivity to formaldehyde at room temperature.

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