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Research Journal of Medical Sciences

Year: 2018  |  Volume: 12  |  Issue: 3  |  Page No.: 57 - 62

Knowledge and Prevalence of Primary Dysmenorrhea among Female University Students

Karim Al-Jashamy, Munira Bhuiyan, Ahmad Taha Khalaf, Htet Htet @ Nora, Ayunie A.B. Mat Noor, Fadzlette Nur Zamzuri, Hamed M. Kolahloo, Priyatharisini A/P Sathiamoorthy, Wong Angel, Mohammed Irfan, Magdi El Sersi, AE Muftah, Saeid R. Doustjalali, Negar S. Sabet, M.H.M. Nazmul, Rohaini Mohamed, Vinothini Appalanaidu and Samiah Yasmin Bt Abdul Kadir


Dysmenorrhea is one of the common gynaecological problems experienced by most of the adolescent and young adult girls. This study was to evaluate the knowledge and determine the prevalence of primary dysmenorrhoea among female university students. This is a descriptive, cross sectional study conducted in 2014 at SEGi University, Kota Damansara. A total of 200 participants were randomly selected from the medical and non-medical faculties. The data were collected using questionnaire and analyzed by SPSS Version 22.0. The study showed that the prevalence of primary dysmenorrhoea among the students was 103 (51.5%) where the primary dysmenorrhoea among female medical and non-medical was 53 and 50%, respectively. In terms of knowledge about primary dysmenorrhoea, 39% of medical students and 24% of non-medical agree that body mass index is a risk factor while smoking and drinking alcohol showed 55 and 45%, respectively as a risk factor of primary dysmenorrhoea. On the other hand, psychological stress factor confirmed by 83% of medical students and 53% of non-medical students answered that psychological stress is correlated to primary dysmenorrhoea. In conclusion, the prevalence of primary dysmenorrhoea is very common in this study. The level of knowledge was shown lower, especially in the non-medical students. The results of this study showed the overall of primary dysmenorrhoea prevalence 51.5% and majority of medical student showed better knowledge about primary dysmenorrhoea. However, this study also has shown that there is lack of health education and may need programs in order to improve the knowledge and decrease the incidence of primary dysmenorrhoea.