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Research Journal of Medical Sciences
Year: 2016  |  Volume: 10  |  Issue: 4  |  Page No.: 261 - 267

Clinical Professionalism from the Perspectives of Medical Sciences Students: A Case Study in Iran

Mohammad Reza Maleki, Soheila Gholami, Alireza Moosazadeh, Meysam Safi Keykale, Mahnaz Ali Janzadeh and Mahran Alijanzadeh    

Abstract: Professionalism is a crucial factor in responsibility and accountability to patients. Identifying current conditions of professionalism among students is necessary for planning and policy making. The aim of the present study was to investigate professionalism among students of Qazvin (Iran) University of Medical Sciences. This cross sectional study conducted in 2015 and consisted of 200 clinical students of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences. Multistage sampling was used and samples were selected by random sampling. The most important variables were altruism, accountability, excellence, duty, honor, practice habit and respect. The instrument of collecting data was a standard 32-item questionnaire of professionalism. In order to determine the scope of values and beliefs, a 5-scale Likert scale was used in each item. Instrument reliability tools were Cronbach alpha 0.89 and Test-Retest 0.88. Age average of the participants was 23.85±3.93. 120 participants (60%) were females. The lowest scores of professionalism were for altruism (3.65±0.69) and accountability (4.22±58). The highest scores were of respect (4.31±0.57) and practice habit (4.23±62). Mean of students’ professionalism was 4.29±0.48. There was a significance difference among gender, grade point average, place of residence and level of academic skills with professionalism (p<0.05). These variables predicted 15% of professionalism. Clinical student of University of Medical Sciences were at an acceptable level of professionalism. However, paying more attention to altruism, duty and accountability among Iranian students may lead to an ideal professional level.

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