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Research Journal of Medical Sciences
Year: 2012  |  Volume: 6  |  Issue: 4  |  Page No.: 175 - 180

Nutrition Habits and Blood Test Results of Preeclamptic and Healthy Pregnant Women

Sema Gulsen and Ahmet Guner    

Abstract: Preeclampsia is a syndrome and complicates pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of nutrition on the etiology of preeclampsia. In this research, economic and social status, nutrition habits and medical biochemistry test results of the preeclamptic and healthy pregnant women were compared. A total 155 healthy pregnant women in the second trimester and 92 preeclamptic pregnant women were given a questionnaire containing questions related to social and economic situation and nutrition habits. Body mass index, blood pressure and laboratory analysis of blood and urine samples were also investigated. Majority of the preeclamptic women had low education and income. They consumed less meat and dairy products and more bread and legumes than healthy counterparts. Moreover, systolic and diastolic blood pressure values were greater thrombocyte count, calcium, protein and albumin levels were lower and urea, creatinine and liver enzyme (SGOT, SGPT and LDH) levels were higher for preeclamptic women than for healthy pregnant women. In conclusion, possibly in association with economical and educational statuses, women who consume less animal origin proteins and excess carbohydrates are at risk for preeclampsia.

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