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Research Journal of Medicinal Plants
Year: 2020  |  Volume: 14  |  Issue: 4  |  Page No.: 182 - 187

Evaluation and Identification of Some Herbal Therapy Medicine Grown in Doan Valley (Wadi Doan), Hadhramout, Republic of Yemen

Mohammed Saeed Bn Qadim, Hassan Pyar, Murad Kanji and Mahroos Bahwirth    

Abstract: Background and Objectives: Herbal medicine is the use of plants to treat diseases and enhance general benefits and wellbeing for human beings. This study was conducted in Doan valley (Wadi Doan), Hadhramout, Yemen, to document medicinal plants and their diversity. Materials and Methods: A field survey was carried out using the random stratified sampling method. Doan valley was divided into three main parts. A questionnaire was designed to assess the traditional uses of medicinal plants by the locals. Results: The flora survey identified 83 species belonging to 76 genera included in 37 families. Many life forms were detected in the studied species included phanerophytes, chamaephytes and therophytes with 41.6, 33.4 and 25.0%, respectively. The vegetation structure showed that the families Fabaceae and Zygophyllaceae represented 17% with the highest number of species followed by Acanthaceae and Apiaceae (9%). The questionnaire revealed that the number of plants used in traditional medicine was 12 species included in 10 families. The families Fabaceae and Zygophyllaceae occupied the first place. This study revealed that the leaves are the most used plant organs in traditional medicine followed with whole plant and seeds with 35.71, 21.45 and 14.30%, respectively. Conclusion: It was found that twelve herbal medical plants grow in Doan valley were used for the treatment of urinary tract and reproductive infections.

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