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Research Journal of Medicinal Plants
Year: 2020  |  Volume: 14  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 15 - 23

Bioactive Compounds, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Properties of Wild Plants Seed Extracts Used in Traditional Medicine

D.E.M. Radwan, A. Essa, S. Ghozwany, K. Hamzy and M. Hefzy    

Abstract: Background and Objective: Plant seeds hoarding high concentrations of active substances are medically and therapeutically important. This work was aimed to investigate the antioxidant and antimicrobial properties as well as the bioactive compounds of seed extracts from specific desert plants used in traditional medicine. Materials and Methods: Seeds obtained from 10 different types of wild subtropical plants collected from Jazan region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and then extracted in methanol and screened for their antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. Results: The contents of phenolics and flavonoids were variable in the evaluated seed extracts. Lawsonia inermis Linn., Solanum coagulans Forsskal., Ocimum tenuiflorum L. and Blepharis edulis Linn. recorded with the highest phenolics and flavonoids contents. Moreover, the highest antioxidant activity was detected in extracts of Lowsonia inermis (93.43%) and Solanum coagulans (95.78%) Blepharis edulis (88%). In this work, strong antibacterial as well as antifungal activities were found by seed extracts of Blepharis edulis, Lawsonia inermis and Tribulus terrestries L. Conclusion: The evaluated seed extracts have beneficial medicinal impacts due to their high antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. They might be beneficial for anti-aging purposes or production of new genera of antibiotics from natural sources.

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