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Research Journal of Medicinal Plants
Year: 2007  |  Volume: 1  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 25 - 28

Anti-microbial Activity of Acacia nilotica Extracts Against Some Bacteria Isolated from Clinical Specimens

Abeer M. Haj Ali and Sanaa O. Yagoub    

Abstract: The comparative antimicrobial activity of ethanol and chloroform extracts from Acacia nilotica fruit was studied. The bacteria isolated from abscesses or wounds of hospitalized patients were Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Proteus vulgaris, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The susceptibility of isolated bacteria against ethanol extract (13, 6.7, 5, 3 and 1%) was higher than chlorform extract used in similar concentrations especially S. aureus (30-4 mm), E. coli (25-9 mm), Kl. pneumonia (18-0 mm), P. vulgaris (10-1 mm) and Ps. aeruginosa (20-4 mm). The inhibitory effects of the extracts on bacteria were compared with those of selected antibiotics. The ethanol extract of A. nilotica fruit was either equally or more effective than the test antibiotics.

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